15 Perfect White Flowering Trees For Your Backyard

Last update: June 17, 2022

Trees and shrubs are found in most backyards across the country, but not all of them have the ability to produce flowers.

And if they do at least bloom pretty blossoms in spring, these petals aren’t likely to stay longer than a few weeks at a time. To make your backyard stand out, you might be looking for a flowering tree.

You can’t go wrong with white flowers. Each white flower species has its own meaning, but with white symbolizing purity, sympathy, and innocence, they make for a simple and elegant symbolic reference to your garden.

Plus, white flowers look stunning and can brighten up even the shadiest parts of your backyard.

If you’re looking to spruce up your backyard, you’ve come to the right place. Here are the top 15 perfect white flowering trees for your backyard!

Halesia Carolina (Carolina Silverbell)

Halesia Carolina (Carolina Silverbell)

Also known as the mountain snowdrop tree, the Carolina silverbell is a small to medium-sized, fast-growing tree native to the Southeast United States and the Appalachian Mountains.

These deciduous trees are most commonly found growing on the slopes of mountains and riverbanks in the wild.

Despite this, the Carolina silverbell is commonly grown as a landscaping tree, as they can be grown in a variety of hardiness zones and exposures. They reach heights of 30-40 feet in 20 to 50 years.

As the name suggests, this species produces beautiful white bell-shaped flowers that form in groups and hang from the branches.

These flowers are often tinged pink on the inside and will come with pale green fruits that bloom in fall. The flowers bloom in April along with the new leaves.

While this species produces an autumnal yellow-green foliage in fall, the leaves drop early. The best flowers to grow underneath a halesia Carolina are rhododendrons and azaleas.

  • Height: 30-40 feet
  • Hardiness zone: 4-8
  • Soil requirements: Medium moisture, neutral pH
  • Sun requirements: Full sun to partial shade
  • Bloom time: April

Amelanchier (Serviceberry)

Amelanchier (Serviceberry)

Also known as sugarplum, shadbush, shadblow, juneberry, or chuckly pear, the serviceberry is a flowering tree (or shrub) genus of approximately 20 species.

The unique “serviceberry” name derives from New England folklore, which explains how the tree’s flowering time coincided with the thawing of snow, which signified the time when funeral services could be held again (as the thawed ground could be dug into for caskets).

This, along with the white flowers the tree produced, inspired the name “serviceberry”.

The serviceberry is a dense, small tree with thin winding branches that bloom star-shaped white flowers in spring. The species is a blend between a shrub and a small tree, and looks effortlessly graceful in a garden.

Along with the flowers, the serviceberry blooms small edible berries that resemble blueberries in June (though they aren’t as flavorsome as real blueberries). The green foliage turns yellow-red in fall.

  • Height: 25-30 feet
  • Hardiness zone: 4-8
  • Soil requirements: Medium moisture, neutral pH
  • Sun requirements: Full sun to partial shade
  • Bloom time: April and May

Camellia Japonica ‘White By The Gate’ (Camellia)

Camellia Japonica ‘White By The Gate’ (Camellia)

You don’t get more classic than a beautiful camellia. The ‘White By The Gate’ variety of Camellia Japonica, as the name suggests, produces elegant white flowers that, interestingly enough, bloom in fall.

This is why these trees are often planted amongst flowering trees that bloom in spring, so flowers can be seen throughout the year.

Camellia Japonica is a showy broadleaf evergreen that typically grows in the warmer regions of the United States.

While most Camellia flowers are pinkish, this particular variety produces white flowers between November to April, mostly lasting all the way through winter. The species doesn’t grow very tall, making them ideal for smaller gardens.

The only downside to ‘White By The Gate’ camellias is that the species is prone to developing mold and fungal issues. Still, if you live in a warmer climate and take care of the tree, they are a beautiful addition to your backyard.

  • Height: 8-12 feet
  • Hardiness zone: 7-9
  • Soil requirements: Moist, slightly acidic pH
  • Sun requirements: Partial sun and filtered shade
  • Bloom time: November to April

Malus ‘Sugar Tyme’ (Crabapple)

Malus ‘Sugar Tyme’ (Crabapple)

Flowering crabapples are one of the most popular species of flowering trees found in backyards across the country, producing flowers in a range of colors.

The sugar tyme variety is a particularly beautiful crabapple, producing white (and often with hints of pink) flowers in springtime.

While the bloom time is brief compared to other species on our list, this is still an impressive tree. It doesn’t just produce a sprinkle of flowers, it produces a sea of white petals that cover the whole tree.

The foliage is completely covered, making the tree appear entirely white. These flowers also smell beautiful!

Once the flowers fall, the tree blooms clusters of red crabapples that, unfortunately, aren’t edible. Still, this is a lovely splash of color to replace the white petals.

These fruits last until the next spring and are a great snack for birds, so if you want to attract birds to your backyard, this tree will do the trick.

  • Height: 14-18 feet
  • Hardiness zone: 4-8
  • Soil requirements: Medium moisture, neutral pH
  • Sun requirements: Full sun
  • Bloom time: April

Prunus Virginiana (Chokecherry)

Prunus Virginiana (Chokecherry)

Also known as the Virginia bird cherry and bitter-berry, the chokecherry is a bird cherry tree species native across North America.

This is a shrub or small tree commonly grown in woodlands and naturalized backyards thanks to its rugged and wild appearance.

The chokecherry produces dark green oval-shaped leaves and clusters of small white flowers in spring. As the name suggests, these flowers are the gateway to copious red berries that are commonly picked for jams and jellies.

Birds and local wildlife are known to feast on these berries, which is also why chokecherry trees are grown in woodlands.

The only downside to chokecherry trees is that they propagate incredibly easily through suckering. While this means this is great for propagation, you’ll need to maintain the tree regularly to prevent it from becoming invasive.

  • Height: 20-30 feet
  • Hardiness zone: 2-7
  • Soil requirements: Dry or medium moisture, neutral pH
  • Sun requirements: Full sun or partial shade
  • Bloom time: April and May

Hydrangea Paniculata ‘Limelight’

Hydrangea Paniculata ‘Limelight’

Growing to heights of 6 to 8 feet tall, hydrangea paniculata ‘limelight’ is actually one of the smallest shrubs on our list. Still, with regular pruning, you can consider this species a small tree. Plus, its size makes it a great contender for small backyards.

Also known as the “tree-form hydrangea”, this species is known for its impressive hydrangea flowers that – as the name ‘limelight’ suggests – are white with a greenish tint.

These conical flowers grow on sturdy stems and make for an impressive display. While greenish at first, the flowers turn white in summer before going deep pink and finally to beige in fall.

Interestingly, the bloom time for this species is fairly late. The flowers appear in summer rather than spring and will change colors rather quickly until fall.

Along with the reddening blooms, the foliage of this tree will turn reddish in fall, making it an attractive species throughout the year.

This particular variety needs to be pruned in late winter to early spring to promote reliable flowering – which also helps to protect the tree from mildew, bud blight, rust, and bacterial wilt.

  • Height: 6-8 feet
  • Hardiness zone: 3-8
  • Soil requirements: Medium moisture, neutral pH
  • Sun requirements: Full sun and partial shade
  • Bloom time: July to September

Orange Jasmine (Murraya Paniculata)

Orange Jasmine (Murraya Paniculata)

Also known as orange jessamine, mock orange, and china box, the orange jasmine is a shrub (or small tree with adequate pruning) that is native to Australia and South and Southeast Asia.

It prefers to grow in warm climates, but can tolerate cooler climates when grown in a container.

Orange Jasmine is an attractive species consisting of glossy evergreen leaves, smooth bark, and fragrant creamy-white flowers arranged loosely in groups.

Bloom time is throughout the year, allowing for a long-lasting scattering of white flowers. Throughout the year, the blooms will produce orange-red berries.

In hardy climates, orange jasmine trees are known to grow up to 8-12 feet tall. In cooler climates, it is popularly grown in containers, which allows the trees to be brought inside during winter.

Fortunately, the orange jasmine tolerates pruning, so it can be kept in large pots without overflowing.

  • Height: 8-12 feet (Depending on if it’s planted in the ground or container)
  • Hardiness zone: 10-12
  • Soil requirements: Moist, tolerant of moist soil types
  • Sun requirements: Full sun
  • Bloom time: Year-round

Chionanthus Virginicus (Whitefringe Tree)

Chionanthus Virginicus (Whitefringe Tree)

The whitefringe tree, native to the lowlands and savannas of the Southeast United States, is one of the lesser-known species of white flowering trees on this list.

This is a surprisingly hardy tree that tolerates all climates, meaning those living in cooler climates can still enjoy the unique species.

This small tree produces fragrant lacy, fringe-like white flowers that hang in bundles.

Its light and almost fluffy appearance makes for an interesting and unique addition to a backyard – particularly as the species is dioecious, meaning the plants are either male or female. Still, some trees have exhibited both female and male flowers.

The flowers bloom from May to June. Afterwards, the female flowers are replaced by dark blue grape-like fruits.

Unfortunately, the whitefringe tree is under threat from the emerald ash borer, an exotic beetle pest that feeds off ash trees.

These pests are found in at least 35 states (as well as Canadian provinces) and have recently been found to feast off whitefringe trees. While beautiful, this is worth knowing if you live in an area of emerald ash borers.

  • Height: 12-20 feet
  • Hardiness zone: 3-9
  • Soil requirements: Medium moisture, neutral pH
  • Sun requirements: Full sun and partial shade
  • Bloom time: May to June

Magnolia Macrophylla (Bigleaf Magnolia)

Magnolia Macrophylla (Bigleaf Magnolia)

The bigleaf magnolia is native to Southeastern United States and eastern Mexico, and interestingly produces the largest leaf of any native North American tree – which is a valid reason alone to have one of these beauties in your backyard.

Aside from its iconic large leaves, the bigleaf magnolia produces large white flowers, consisting of six to nine petals arranged in a bowl-like shape.

While white, the flowers exhibit a purplish hue on the base. When in their bowl shape, the flowers are known to hold dead insects like bees.

The bigleaf magnolia will produce large red fruits that are fairly spiky in texture.

Keep in mind that if you want a bigleaf magnolia tree for their impressive white flowers, the flowers might not appear until 12 years into the tree’s life. This is why most people avoid planting these trees as juveniles.

Unfortunately, the bigleaf magnolia is an endangered species due to loss of its natural habitat.

  • Height: 30-40 feet
  • Hardiness zone: 5-8
  • Soil requirements: Medium moisture, neutral pH
  • Sun requirements: Full sun and partial shade
  • Bloom time: May

Cornus Kousa (Kousa Dogwood)

Cornus Kousa (Kousa Dogwood)

Dogwood trees are highly popular across the country, but the kousa dogwood variety has become particularly popular in recent years for its handy qualities.

One of these qualities is that kousa dogwood trees are resistant to disease, which is ideal for those living in disease-prone backyards.

Interestingly, this species is native to East Asian countries, such as Japan, China, and Korea. It was naturalized in New York State and has since been cultivated as an ornamental plant.

The kousa dogwood provides an aesthetic canopy of white flowers, blossoming in late spring and covering the majority of the tree. Alongside the flowers grows red berries that grow in clusters.

Not only do they add to the aesthetic appeal, but the berries are sweet and creamy! They are commonly used as an ingredient in wine.

Another common identifier of the kousa dogwood tree is its unique camouflage-like bark, exhibiting varying shades of tan and brown to produce a fascinating color scheme.

  • Height: 15-30 feet
  • Hardiness zone: 5-8
  • Soil requirements: Medium moisture, slightly acidic pH
  • Sun requirements: Full sun and partial shade
  • Bloom time: May to June

Lagerstroemia ‘Natchez’ (Crape Myrtle)

Lagerstroemia ‘Natchez’ (Crape Myrtle)

In a genus of around 50 species, crape myrtles are one of the most popular flowering trees in warmer climates. Crape myrtles are native to parts of Australia, India, and Southeast Asia, though they are now cultivated across the warmer climates of the world.

The ‘natchez’ crape myrtle variety is popular for producing bunches of delicate white flowers, consisting of several frilled petals and growing in clusters.

These fluttery flowers make the ‘Natchez’ variety a prized possession in any backyard, covering the majority of the tree with a sea of delicate white frills.

The flowers are accompanied by green capsule fruits that then ripen to a dark brown, providing a stark contrast to the white flowers. In fall, the surrounding leaves turn reddish as the flowers begin to drop, making for a fascinating contrast and change.

Plus, the ‘natchez’ variety is also resistant to mildew, making it an ideal addition to backyards in all warm climates.

  • Height: 4-20 feet
  • Hardiness zone: 6-9
  • Soil requirements: Medium moisture, neutral pH
  • Sun requirements: Full sun
  • Bloom time: July to September

Pyrus Calleryana ‘Bradford’ (Callery Pear)

Pyrus Calleryana ‘Bradford’ (Callery Pear)

Also known as the Bradford pear, the callery pear is a beautiful pear tree species native to Vietnam and China.

The ‘Bradford’ cultivar is most popularly grown in the United States, but due to its vast growth, it is considered an invasive species. Make sure to check your local authority to see your region’s invasive species list.

This is a classic springtime tree, where the majority of the tree is covered in delicate white flowers that brighten up any garden – even in residential and urban settings. However, don’t be fooled by its production of fruit.

While it’s a type of pear tree, these pears are not edible due to the cyanide-laced seeds). Instead, the pears are small and green, and easily hidden by the white flowers.

However, the callery pear tree is known to have some structural issues. The branches are very narrow as they grow from the trunk, making them prone to breakage.

This is why the tree is often considered invasive. The best way to prevent breakage is to prune the branches, so they’re lightweight.

  • Height: 30-50 feet
  • Hardiness zone: 5-9
  • Soil requirements: Medium moisture, neutral pH
  • Sun requirements: Full sun
  • Bloom time: April

Syringa Reticulata (Japanese Tree Lilac)

Syringa Reticulata (Japanese Tree Lilac)

Native to Eastern Asia, the Japanese tree lilac is a beautiful species commonly grown as an ornamental tree in Europe and across North America.

Common lilac is typically associated with its pretty fragrance and purplish coloring, but the Japanese tree lilac exhibits larger lilac flowers in a white color.

This is a large shrub or small tree that produces clusters of tiny white lilac flowers, producing a strong fragrance that is a beautiful addition to a backyard – especially when planted near a path, so you can walk by the fragrance.

The leaves are also similar in shape to the common lilac, but are slightly darker.

The Japanese tree lilac is best grown in full sun, so it can provide a generous amount of shade. Plus, the more sun it receives, the more flowers it produces. These trees are commonly planted in large backyard or park spaces thanks to the shade it produces.

  • Height: 20-30 feet
  • Hardiness zone: 3-7
  • Soil requirements: Medium moisture, neutral pH
  • Sun requirements: Full sun
  • Bloom time: June

Styrax Japonicus (Japanese Snowbell)

Styrax Japonicus (Japanese Snowbell)

Belonging to the Carolina silverbell (the first species on our list), the Japanese snowbell is a flowering plant native to Korea, China, and of course, Japan. This is a charming deciduous tree that produces upright oval leaves and small, white, bell-shaped flowers.

As a result of the upright leaves, the bell-shaped flowers droop below, meaning they are best viewed from underneath the tree.

When standing underneath the canopy, the flowers and leaves make you feel like you’re in a fairy tale. The tree also produces drupe fruits that resemble the color and shape of olives.

The canopy itself is naturally shaped like a circle, making this species ideal for landscaping. Plus, the fruit helps to attract local wildlife such as birds and bees to the garden.

However, this is a slow-growing tree with an average growth rate of 12-14” per year. You might want to plant a mature Japanese snowbell if you want the flowers immediately.

  • Height: 20-30 feet
  • Hardiness zone: 5-9
  • Soil requirements: Medium moisture, acidic pH
  • Sun requirements: Full sun and partial shade
  • Bloom time: May and June

Aesculus Californica (California Buckeye)

Aesculus Californica (California Buckeye)

Also known as the California horse chestnut, the California buckeye is a buckeye species native to – you guessed it – California (as well as southern Oregon).

This is a large shrub (or small tree with pruning) that often looks quite wild thanks to the gray bark that is usually covered in moss and lichens.

The best part of the California buckeye, however, is the bloom of white flowers. These flowers are fairly large and bloom in spring, producing a pleasant sweet fragrance. Following the flowers, the tree produces fruit resembling a chestnut in a pale capsule.

However, it’s worth noting that every part of the California buckeye is poisonous, including the bark, fruit, leaves, and flowers.

Make sure to keep children and pets away from the consuming parts of the tree. Still, when planted in a safe space, this is a stunning addition to a backyard.

  • Height: 15-30 feet
  • Hardiness zone: 7-8
  • Soil requirements: Medium moisture, neutral pH
  • Sun requirements: Full sun and partial shade
  • Bloom time: February and March


So, there you have it! Turns out, there’s probably a bunch more white flowering tree species than you first thought. Every species on our list is suitable to be grown in a variety of backyards, making for an attractive addition to all spaces – from borders to large lawns.

The key to planting a tree or large shrub is making sure that you can meet its requirements. While most trees are fairly hardy and tolerant of most soils, you should make sure the environment is ideal for the species to make the most of its glorious flowers.

Dwarf Evergreen Shrubs For Small Gardens And Landscapes

Last update: June 17, 2022

If you have a small but green space, you may want to fill it with plants in order to add some character. Depending on where your small space is, evergreen shrubs can be really great additions due to the nature of their foliage and the amount of care they need.

Dwarf shrubs are also great as they don’t take up lots of space as they grow.

When you have a tricky landscaping space sometimes it can be hard to decide what plants to choose to grow there. Growing plants is an investment and takes time so you don’t want to make the wrong decision either.

But a small space can also allow you to give more attention to plants that need it as there are less.

Luckily, our list can provide you with what we think are some really great ideas for some dwarf evergreen shrubs to use to landscape your area.

While this may sound really niche, you will be surprised how many of these plants you will recognize as well as the variety and low level of care they often need.

We hope that this article can provide you with some information on what to look for and consider with small spaces as well as some ideas of different plants that may suit your climate and vision for your garden.

Keep reading to learn more about plants as well as landscaping!

What Is A Dwarf Evergreen Shrub?

First things first, we’re not all botanists or gardeners here, so you may be wondering what a dwarf evergreen shrub actually is? Well we’re here to clear things up.

‘Dwarf’ Shrub

Both dwarf and evergreen are terms that are mainly used with shrubs and trees. The term dwarf shrub is synonymous with both ‘subshrub’ and ‘chamaephyte’.

A dwarf shrub for lack of a better definition basically means they are a shrub but they grow much lower to the ground, usually woody plants. This makes them great for small spaces.

If you have ever seen thyme, lavender, or rosemary growing, this low forming shrub is a great example of a dwarf evergreen shrub.

This also often means that the growth of a dwarf shrub is limited in some way. A normal plant from the Thuja genus can have exponential growth and grow particularly large, usually dependent on the plant’s maturity and root strength.

A dwarf Thuja specimen, on the other hand, wil be limited in its growth no matter its maturity and can potentially grow outwards more than upwards, when mature.

‘Evergreen’ Shrub

Evergreen is one part of a binary we often see in shrubs; most shrubs are either deciduous or evergreen.

A deciduous shrub simply means this shrub will grow foliage as the season goes on but will shed nearly all its foliage when the season ends. On the other hand, an evergreen shrub will often hold onto its foliage even when the season ends.

However, while the shrub may hold onto its foliage this can mean that the foliage may not be green, contradicting its name, but this can be a cool feature as the foliage will change color through the seasons.

This makes them ideal for these small spaces especially if you want to plant something you don’t need to worry about constantly pruning, harvesting and looking after, a dwarf evergreen is an ideal plant for this approach.

Keep reading to find our top picks.

Yucca filamentosa ‘Adam’s Needle’

Yucca filamentosa ‘Adam’s Needle’

This is a good shrub to consider if you live in a hotter climate within the US, this plant naturally grows best within the southeastern parts of the US, its natural habitat. They are part of a wider family of plants called Asparagaceae, where asparagus also comes from!

While this is endemic to the south east of the US, the plant has also become naturalized further north from Cape Cod to Long Island. No matter if you are north or south, the plant loves to grow near the sea we’re talking sandy soil, scrub, rocky slopes, or even silt or clay soils.

As this is a part of the asparagus family, once you remove the seeds, you can actually eat the fruits of the plant, the petals are also edible.

The Cherokee people used to use the plant to hunt fish, the stem and roots have the effect of mildly stunning fish when fed to them allowing them to capture them.

In any case this small shrub is ideal for a small space as it grows everywhere in the US, but this is best for a small landscaping space or garden near the sea. ‘Adam’s needle’ flowers into large panicles of cream flowers.

Consider other cultivars such as ‘Color Guard’ for a more unique specimen that has bicolored foliage that can turn red in the winter!

Kalmia latifolia ‘Mountain Laurel’

Kalmia latifolia ‘Mountain Laurel’

The Kalmia is a really great shrub that is broad leaved, and has many stems, it usually forms into thickets that have large clump forming flowers that often have quite a unique inflorescence.

The stamens are loved by bees and other pollinators, they have an interesting mechanism that fires pollen out like a projectile when touched by a bee.

The petals of this mountain laurel are really lovely and can bring lots of detail to a small space, the main color is white but with splodges of ruby red marks on the petals with a bright yellow center.

This kalmia is a great way to bring some green foliage as well as curious inflorescence into a small space, adding texture as well as beauty. Moreover, the plant grows really well within the mountainous areas in the north and west of the US.

Juniperus squamata ‘Blue Star’

Juniperus squamata ‘Blue Star’

This variety of the Juniper bush is a smaller specimen that is one for the foliage lovers of the world, a great subsidiary plant to add to small areas which won’t be the focus of attention but adds lots of good foliage action with not too much care level.

‘Squamata’ is actually a Latin epithet that means small leaves.

While the juniper bush is actually endemic to the Khyber region of Pakistan, part of Afghanistan, as well as other parts of China. In general the plant grows in the higher mountainous regions of the world, around 1600 to 4900 m altitudes.

However, since its export from the Netherlands in 1964 the plant has become popular in the US and if you live in a mountainous area you may find some good use of this shrub.

The panicles of blue foliage are really beautiful and do well to replace the fact there is no flower on the plant. Yet it remains quite compact and low forming which is ideal for smaller space growing to around 4 ft.

Erica Carnea ‘Springwood Pink’

Erica Carnea ‘Springwood Pink’

For a spring bloomer, this could be a really great plant to bring color in preparation for summer.

As a winter/spring interest this plant can be ideal for those small spaced as well as in peaty, alkaline soils of shady spots – It’s great in these specific locations or even a rock garden.

This ‘winter heath’ actually grows endemically in the Alps of Northern Europe, so can work best in the northern, more temperate, states but can be a shock of European color in your winter/spring season.

It doesn’t like warm climates of the far south; it’s best grown in cooler summer climates.

This plant has even been known to bloom in the snow and is very cold hardy, making it ideal to plant and admire rather than care for a lot. ‘Carnea’ is actually a specific latin epithet for ‘skin colored’ or ‘deep pink’ which reflects the color of the flowers that surround each panicle.

Moreover, the plant is evergreen so always has some foliage and bloom to show off.

It never really grows too high, and can even be ground cover when mature. But the plant generally requires very little pruning, not too much watering nor will it ever really grow too wildly.

Ilex x Meserveae ‘Blue Princess’

This type of ‘holly busy’ is one of the most popular varieties in recent times, and is a female hybrid that you can actually pollinate with a male pollinator for red berries.

While this plant is actually quite easy to care for once you have it, it has some more expert features that more experienced gardeners can unlock such as cross pollination.

Generally the plant can enjoy many different soils but prefers acidic in most conditions, and appreciates most sun it gets as it can grow in either shade or full sun. As well as being generally pest and disease free the plant remains a really hardy and worthwhile purchase.

To get the most out of this plant some pruning in the early spring can help to make new growth stronger.

The small flowers of the holly bush appear in spring while the bright red berries come in the fall and remain super showy throughout the winter months – an ideal specimen for colder climates.

You can get a lot out of this plant for quite little effort, in the winter you can harvest some of the branches and make a Holly Wreath which is great Christmas decoration, as well as other fun uses for the beautiful dark red branches and luscious green leaves which are embellished by the red fruit of the bush.

Moreover, New Englanders will be glad to hear this bush won the Cary Award for how well it suits the area of New England, as well as RHS merits in England.

Hesperocyparis macrocarpa syn. Monterey Cypress ‘Lemon Cypress’ syn. ‘Goldcrest’

Hesperocyparis macrocarpa syn. Monterey Cypress ‘Lemon Cypress’ syn. ‘Goldcrest’

This is a cultivar of the Cypress tree which is actually native to California and particularly the ‘Cypress Hill’ area. It is a dwarf species of what is essentially a tree, the Cypress tree, but is dwarf tree and acts much like a shrub would.

This lemon cypress cultivar can actually grow up to 5m which can be tall but still remains shockingly small in comparison the highest forming species within the genus.

You could even go for a dwarf lemon cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa) which can reach a mere 3 feet making them a little better for houseplants than landscaping so this middle option can be best.

They are great for a small space because, following some simple rules, they don’t require too much care but can bring a lot to a space.

So long as your soil can be well drained, a lemon cypress will grow practically anywhere, including acidic, alkaline, and neutral soils which is one of its biggest advantages.

As this plant is native to California you can imagine the sorts of conditions it prefers, almost always direct sun, never shade, and requires a good amount of watering in the plant’s growing season.

But this is normal for plants in such a hot environment, you will be watering a lot anyway. Yet, once the roots are established after around a year it requires less watering.

One reason many love the Lemon Cypress, beyond growing well in Cali, is that the plant has a really lovely lemon scnet, as most trees in this genus does.

Additionally, it has some really nice foliage that is a near fluorescent yellow/green color which is super eye-catching in the summer.

Thuja Occidentalis ‘Little Giant’

Thuja Occidentalis ‘Little Giant’

The Thuja is a common and popular shrub, but this variety can really show the variety within the genus as well as a great low shrub that is spectacular and curious thanks to its dwarf features.

In other words, this is a globe shaped shrub that forms naturally into a globe with the help of a very small amount of pruning.

The Little Giant has some really neat foliage that will naturally form into this ball shape without too much encouragement making them great for low effort small landscapes.

Another reason they are loved so much by gardeners is that they literally remain green all year round, even in the winter.

Moreover, the plant is quite rugged and can grow in the cold areas that get quite wet, even ground that is very salty.

Yet, during the summer months this Thuja cultivar does best when being exposed to full sun. In the summer months it can require a lot of watering depending on where you are but is generally more hardy in the cold.

The shrub looks great as it naturally forms into this sphere without much help, prune for the best results, but the plant is generally low effort so long as it is watered correctly and has the right conditions.

Buxus ‘Green Velvet’

Buxus ‘Green Velvet’

The buxus is a really versatile plant, especially with this specific cultivar. They are great for what you might call a ‘formal’ shrub that doesn’t have flowers but displays deep green foliage that many find ideal.

One reason many find this plant ideal for a smaller space is that they are very responsive to shearing. This means you can turn them into any shape you like and with some continued low level pruning they should keep this shape for a good period of time.

Many actually chose to create plant sculptures from this plant due to this responsiveness, which is also great for small spaces and allows you to add your own shapes to your garden.

They are also good for sculptures because they are evergreen so they don’t shed teh design you have just made. Although it is best to shape before the summer period.

So long as you have a shady spot they should be fairly easy to grow, they do well with some sun as completely full shade can cause the density of foliage to decrease, while full sun can actually damage the plant.

However the plant will happily grow among most soils so long as they aren’t too far one way or the other on the pH scale.

Picea Pungens ‘Glauca Globosa’

Picea Pungens ‘Glauca Globosa’

This Picea specimen is basically a dwarf version of what is usually a large tree, the blue spruce. The parent blue spruce can grow really high in the right conditions and are the skyscrapers of the COlorado mountains.

However, this ‘Glauca Globosa’ species are dwarfed and provide a similar enchantment but in smaller spaces.

The general species of spruce this dwarf coms from is found all over Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming so if you are based in the US then its worth looking into the dwarf species of the genus.

In this dwarf species you still get the enchanting blue needles that look like something from Narnia, for such an unassuming plant it really adds some special vibes to a small space, Much like the Thuja we mentioned, this spruce will naturally form into a spherical shape with some pruning.

When mature it can reach around 5 feet.

This dwarf shrub is fairly slow growing which is ideal for these small spaces you want to plant in then leave without worrying about pruning, although the occasional brush up may be required as the needles are sharp – depending where you are.

In any case the plant loves slsightly acidic soil and full sunlight.

Pinus Mugo ‘Aurea’

Pinus Mugo ‘Aurea’

More dwarf species of large trees here, but if you want to make a mini forest within a small space many of these dwarf varieties are ideal.

Specifically, this ‘Mugo Pine’ comes in quite a few varieties, and even its dwarf species could take the form of a large tree but even in the wild it’s more common for this ‘Aurea’ variety to form as a low lying evergreen shrub.

The dwarf ‘aurea’ generally halts growth around 3 feet.

The pines of this pinus ar emuch more spread out and long than in comparison to a spruce. THe branches are woody and long and often exhibit the long sparse needles on the end.

As the plant matures and a matrix of branches presents itself the plant becomes quite magical, and brings a lot of green and brown shades to a small space.

Generally, the mugo pine does best in the cooler climates of the temperate north and midwest, but is pretty open to any solid such as sandy or clay.

It’s worth noting that the more sun this tree receives the more yellow the pines become which is not a sign of dehydration as it may initially seem. Moreover, the plant does appreciate a high level of drainage.

Coprosma repens ‘Tequila Sunrise’

Coprosma repens ‘Tequila Sunrise’

We all love a Tequila Sunrise, and it is never more true than with this Coprosma specimen. If you want something dark, brooding, and a little different from your evergreen dwarf shrub then the Coprosma is a good place to look.

Generally, the foliage of the Coprosma can often be variegated but is generally fairly unique to each specimen, they can have a different ratio of green to red in the foliage and this can change throughout the season which is why they are great for a small space.

This often has a lot to do with the environment it is grown in, and it is known as the ‘Mirror plant’ for this reason.

This ‘Tequila Sunrise’ cultivar is more of a yellow and red bi-color, hence the name. It has won the RHS merit for its interesting display of colors.

Moreover, Crocosma in general are actually dioecious, which means that they actually produce both mae and female flowers and each gender has its own inflorescence and other differences.

The plant has some quite thick foliage that remains very glossy and almost succulent, the leaves will vary in size depending on their exposure to the sun and water, etc.

Often the leaves become very curvy and it isn’t unlikely to see cylindrical leaves.

Thanks to the glossy leaves the plant can survive salty spray from the ocean well and is suited to smaller coastal gardens well. It prefers well drained and sandy soils but can also deal with heavier soil too.

Escallonia laevis ‘Pink Elle’

Ecallonia is another general tree, but this dwarf species forms into a bushy evergreen shrub which is generally compact.

The plant generally has quite leathery and toothed leaves which require basically no pruning. The flowers form in compact panicles that are really beautiful in the summer sun.

This plant is ideal for the hot southern states that get a lot of sun as it really enjoys the sun and actually requires only a small amount of watering.

When in these sunny conditions the Escallonia laevis can even have two blooms, one in summer with big pink flowers who fade to white, a second flush will occur in the fall.

They will require some protection in winter but if you are in a hot climate this may be less necessary. They remain evergreen but deadheading can help them flower better in the following seasons.

This particular cultivar was developed for its wind resistance thanks to Ludovic Ladan, the cultivars creator, who grew the plant in his notoriously windy plant nursery in Northern France.

As this cultivar has this wind resistance it can be good for coastal countries but may suffer from salt spray so some cover can be recommended.

Even more impressive, is that he plant is listed under the RHS’ ‘Plants for Pollinators’ initiative for the plant is a really good way to provide pollinators with ample nectra and if you want to help out those creepy crawlies and your local ecosystem this can be a worthwhile plant to look into.

Final Thoughts

It’s clear that there is a huge variety of different shrubs that remain evergreen while also being dwarfed and great for a smaller garden

With a smaller garden you generally want plants that can still make a statement without taking up lots of space. You can achieve this with texture within small spaces which is potentially the best option.

This means when you look into the small details you find texture and complexity rather than more of the same.

Evergreen shrubs are great for this as they will change slightly as the season progresses but will not shed all their foliage and become quite undesirable.

An evergreen shrub can often change color and shape as well as inflorescence during this evergreen season so they can bring slightly different looks to your garden without much effort on your part.

With a small garden or landscape you can opt to have very low effort plants you can just leave to let grow and change with the seasons, this can be ideal for a small public landscape or garden which needs adorning with plants.

However, these smaller areas generally mean less specimens and as a result that means less time spent watering, pruning and enacting general care on your plants.

With this in mind it can be worth finding more needy plants that can reward you more because, as there are less of them, you should generally be able to spend more time on them.

We hope you have at least gained some ideas on what sort of dwarf evergreen shrubs would look good in the small space you had in mind.

As well as having learned something about dwarf evergreen shrubs, their variety, and how to care for them indifferent situations.

Frequently Asked Questions

If An Evergreen Shrub Changes Color Is It Dead?

Not necessarily, on the one hand you can definitely get evergreen shrubs that will die. An evergreen shrub doesn’t mean it is immortal.

In certain cases dropped needles occur when the plant has died, and if your needles or general foliage is turning yellow or brown then this can also be a sign that the plant’s health is waning.

However, we would suggest double checking the information about your variety or cultivar. Often, many evergreen shrubs will change color naturally as the season changes but are not dead at all but actually thriving.

Make sure you are aware of how your evergreen shrub changes during the seasons.

Is A Shrub The Same As A Bush?

Yep, bush actually isn’t a botanical term, but shrub is, yet they both refer to the same thing.

One is colloquial while one is a formal term, on the other hand bush refers to natural or wild tickets while a shrub is a groomed specimen within the world of horticulture.

Are All Bushes Evergreen?

No, not all bushes are evergreen. Some bushes are deciduous meaning they shed their foliage every season and grow it back in the following season.

Do All Shrubs Flower?

No, not all shrubs have flowers. Some shrubs have flowers, while others don’t.

You are more likely to get evergreen shrubs which are only foliage but you can also get evergreen shrubs which actually have some really cool flowers that change color thanks to its evergreen quality.

How To Care For A Peperomia Plant For Beginners

Last update: June 17, 2022

Peperomia are beautiful plants to grow indoors, and are ideal for anyone looking to expand their collection of houseplants.

If you’re new to owning a Peperomia plant or are interested in getting one, you might be wondering how you take care of it.

In this article, I will cover how to care for a plant for beginners. So, as a new plant parent you can care for this plant with confidence.

Without further ado, let’s get started.

A Guide On How To Care For A Peperomia Plant

The majority of Peperomia plants need to be kept in a bright room with indirect sunlight, and thrive best in a room temperature of between 65-80 °F.

Generally speaking, a Peperomia plant should watered infrequently and only once the top inch of soil has dried out. The amount you need to water your plant can change depending on the conditions in your home.

However, the easiest way to determine whether your plant needs water is to place your finger into the soil and check whether it still feels moist. If it does, then you should wait until the top inch of soil has completely dried out to prevent any issues with overwatering from occurring.

It is also essential to your plant’s health that you choose a well-draining potting soil to plant it in. This will help to prevent the plant’s soil from becoming waterlogged, as this can cause a wide range of issues should the soil not be able to dry out in between waterings.

When it comes to fertilizer, your plant will benefit from the application of fertilizer once a month throughout the growing season.

How Often Do You Water A Peperomia?

You only need to water a Peperomia plant once the top 1-2 inches of the soil dries out completely. At this point, you can give your Peperomia plant a thorough watering.

Watering Peperomia plants is where many people tend to trip up. Overwatering is the number one problem that people have when trying to keep Peperomia plants alive indoors, so don’t make this mistake.

There are a variety of signs that you are overwatering your plant that you’ll need to look out for. These signs can include wilting, waterlogged soil, yellowing leaves, and rotting stalks to name a few.

On average, then, you’ll need to water your Peperomia plant every 7-10 days. However, this can depend on the moisture of the soil, so let this guide you as opposed to the time that has passed since your plant was last watered.

How Do You Prune A Peperomia Plant?

How Do You Prune A Peperomia Plant

Peperomia plants tolerate being pruned well, so there’s no need to be too precious about being gentle when you’re pruning their leaves.

You should take this opportunity to remove any leaves that are dead or showing signs of damage or disease.

Checking your plant for unhealthy foliage and pruning it is essential to get your plant healthy and prevent recurrence of the problem.

What Pests Are Peperomia Plants Susceptible To?

Despite the fact that Peperomia plants are pretty resilient to pests, they unfortunately can still be affected by:

  • Mites
  • Fungus Gnats
  • Mealybugs

Mites are tiny, and can go without you noticing them for a significant amount of time, meaning that by the time that you spot them, significant damage has often been done.

To get the mite infestation under control, you will need to cover the plant with either pesticidal spray or soap.

Fungus gnats are tiny black flies, and if your plant is dealing with an infestation, you will be able to see them in the soil.

Reducing the amount that you water your plant and top-dressing the soil that you use with sand should help to control them. If this fails, you could always try using a small amount of cinnamon powder and sprinkle it on top of the soil.

Mealybugs are typically found on the lower surfaces of the leaves as well as on the roots of your plant, and will appear as a white mass. The most common treatment for mealybugs is to use neem oil or an insecticidal soap or spray.

Why Is Your Peperomia Wilting?

The main reasons why your Peperomia might be wilting are over and under watering your plant.

So, why are over and under watering your plant so detrimental to your plant’s health? Well, believe it or not, it comes down to the fact that in both instances, the plant isn’t able to receive enough water.

If you’ve been underwatering your plant, the leaves will have a dry and wrinkled appearance, and could even feel crispy to the touch. In addition to this, the soil will feel bone dry, even when you poke your fingers deep into the soil.

If you’ve underwatered your plant, you will need to water the plant and regularly monitor the soil’s moisture levels. Hopefully with time your plant will react, and as the roots gain access to water, will begin to look healthier.

Overwatering your plant is one of the biggest causes for root rot, which in turn, kills the roots. If your plant’s roots are dying, the plant becomes unable to absorb the water in the soil.

Waterlogged soil is easy to spot, as it will not only be soaking wet to the touch but will also be able to spot just by looking at your plant. Even with immediate action, you might not be able to save your plant.

That being said, if it’s severe, you will need to repot your plant if you are to be in with a chance of ensuring it survives. To do this, you will first need to cut off any damaged foliage before removing the plant from the pot.

You will need to try to remove as much of the waterlogged soil from the soil. If you can see root rot, you will need to remove the affected roots with a pair of scissors to prevent it from spreading. To do this, only use a sterile pair of scissors.

After you have cut off the diseased roots, you will need to repot the plant in new soil that has equal quantities of perlite and potting soil.

Once you have repotted your plant, you will need to water it very lightly and leave it for a minimum of a week before you think about watering it again.

From this point onwards, you will need to regularly check the soil to determine when it is time to water your plant. Only water the plant when the top 1 to 2 inches of soil are totally dry.

Why Is Your Peperomia Plant Dropping Leaves?

Your plant dropping its leaves can be indicative of a normal growth pattern. However, if your Peperomia plant is dropping a lot of leaves, this can signify that there is a bigger issue at fault.

If you’ve just bought your plant and it’s already dropping its leaves despite you following a regular watering pattern, this might indicate that the plant wasn’t cared for properly at the store or when it was traveling there.

If this is what happened, then all you can do is care for it as best as you can and hope that the plant recovers with these conditions.

It’s also important to note that a plant dropping its leaves can also be a sign of overwatering. As a result, you will need to make sure that you’re testing the soil each and every time you think that your plant could do with watering.

If the first two inches of water aren’t completely dry, then you need to wait until you water it again.

Although this plant isn’t particularly prone to disease, if it’s dropping its leaves, this can be a sign of infestation or disease. Always check your plant for any signs of a bug infestation, examining the soil and the leaves for anything unusual.

If you find pests, then it’s essential that you deal with them sooner rather than later.

Why Does Your Peperomia Look Like It’s Dying?

Why Does Your Peperomia Look Like It’s Dying

If you’re not sure why your plant looks like it’s dying, it probably has something to do with the amount of water or light that it’s receiving.

While it can feel like an overwhelming feat to get this balance right as a beginner, once you have, you’ll be well on your way to reviving your Peperomia plant.

That being said, if your plant is beyond saving, don’t beat yourself up. Just try to take what you’ve learned from this experience, and apply the knowledge that you’ve gained when you get your next plant.

Trial and error is all part of the process when you first become a plant parent. Whilst you want to try to avoid killing your plant as best you can, sometimes human error gets in the way.

That doesn’t mean that you’re a bad plant parent, it just means that you need further education.

Before you get your next plant, be sure to do some more research on the plant that you get to ensure that you’re fully prepared to take care of your plant and are armed with the right information.

What Causes A Peperomia Plant’s Leaves To Appear Yellow?

There are a variety of causes for yellowing leaves that you should be aware of. These include:

Excessive Sunlight

Despite the fact Peperomia plants thrive in bright, indirect sunlight, excessive sunlight is one of the biggest causes for yellowing leaves.

In their natural habitat, these plants are generally found in the shade of subtropical and tropical forests, meaning that they don’t get a huge amount of direct sunlight and don’t do well in it.

As a result, if your plant has yellowing leaves, it could be that it’s getting too much sunlight and needs to be moved.


You know the drill by now. Overwatering is another cause for yellowing leaves, and should be avoided at all costs.

You will need to ensure that you’re regularly checking the soil before you water your plant, as you don’t want to risk overwatering your plant. If you think it could go another day or two without water, then this is much better than to overwater it at that moment.

Why Are Your Peperomia Leaves Curling?

There are a few different reasons why your plant’s leaves might be curling, but it normally comes down to either a nutrient deficiency or bugs.

If you notice that your plant’s leaves are beginning to curl, you will first need to inspect your plant for infestations. It’s important to check for infestations, specifically for mealybugs, which will appear on the underside of your plant’s leaves and quite often looks like cotton.

If you find any bugs in your inspection, you will need to remove the pests with an insecticidal soap. If you don’t find any bugs that could be the cause, then you’re likely looking at a nutrient deficiency.

A calcium deficiency is a common cause of curling leaves. This can be the result of you overwatering your plant.

In addition to this, giving your plant an excessive amount of phosphorus or nitrogen can prevent your Peperomia plant from absorbing calcium, causing its leaves to curl over time.

Are Peperomia Plants Poisonous?

No, luckily Peperomia plants are not poisonous for humans or pets. As a result, there is no danger to your pets if they either ingest or come into contact with your Peperomia plant.

Although there’s little chance that your pet will be ingesting the leaves, as they aren’t likely to taste very nice, there’s no need to worry if your dog does by chance.

In addition to this, it’s reassuring to know that if you’ve got young children running about the place, you can have Peperomia plants without worrying about whether your kids are safe.

In Summary

So, that’s how you take care of a Peperomia plant.

I hope this article has been helpful and that you have gained a better understanding of how to care for a Peperomia plant.

Good luck caring for your Peperomia plant.

Permaculture 101: Companion Plants For Tomatoes

Last update: June 17, 2022

Have you ever heard of permaculture?

It’s just like horticulture except it is much less about growing things neatly in perfect lines and tunnels for the sake of commercial diligence, instead permaculture is all about mimicking the natural ecosystems we see in the wild.

For instance, when tomatoes grow in the wild, they are very rarely ever going to grow in a huge area that is purely tomato plants.

Instead, what will most likely be the case, as it is with most plants, the wild tomato plant will likely be part of a wider ecosystem of plants, the presence of which can encourage extra growth in your plants that horticulture just can’t create.

In order to encourage this sort of growth in your tomato plant you need to consider what other plants you should grow around the tomato in order to make your tomato optimally better.

Just think of it as genetic engineering but rather than unnaturally splicing plants together you can encourage the growth you want in your plants with natural things, like other plants!

In this guide we are going to provide you with some suggestions of plants that are great companions to grow with the tomato, which will encourage its growth in other ways. Let’s explore the world of permaculture and tomatoes!


Let’s imagine the valley of Sarno, the stream which passes through Pompeii to Naples, an area of Italy where we get the non synonymous ‘San Marzano’ Tomato variety. You can be sure that there are plenty of herbs growing around these Tomatoes as well.

When the heat of the flowering season hits, Basil, like many other herbs of this nature, basically operates like a herb and can really spread pretty ferociously across the land when it is allowed to. In Italy you find wild basil plants all over the shop for this reason.

However, there is actually a really powerful advantage that Tomatoes get from growing next to these Basil plants, as Aphids, as well as other pests and insects, really hate Basil (crazy, Right?) but what this means is that where tomatoes grow naturally next to basil, they join into a treaty whereby the tomatoes nourish the ground while the basil gets rid of the pests.

If your tomatoes are being feasted on by bugs, plant some basil close by, just be careful to ensure the basil does not become invasive to other plants. Although you can use other herbs such as sage, oregano, parsley or thyme as they can work similarly.

To drill permaculture home, does it seem like such a coincidence that most of these herbs as well as tomatoes grow so well in Italy because they are all endemic to that ecosystem?


Similarly, alliums (anything you might consider ‘oniony’ or ‘garlicky’) which can be anything from chives, onions, garlic, to green onions. Alliums, as you can imagine, can smell quite strongly, not us at least but to other insects and animals which have a stronger sense of smell than we do.

This means that the strong smell of tomatoes is generally overpowered by the scent of alliums and most animals such as dogs and cats,as well as insects, dislike alliums as they can make them ill so they choose not to eat them, both the alliums and tomatoes!


Again, this is a protective companion plant for your tomatoes that operates in a slightly different way to the previously mentioned two.

What an Amaranth does for the tomatoes is that they can actually draw predatory insects which will eat the insects that eat your tomatoes. So instead of repelling the insects with smell or something similar, you are actually utilizing the ecosystem by attracting predatory insects.

There’s no need to feel genuinely guilty about this, this is a natural part of the ecosystem you’re simply taking advantage of.

Beans And Peas

General legumes (particularly beans and peas) have a symbiotic relationship within the ecosystem of Tomatoes, another unsurprisingly common vegetable in Italy, one of the historic ecosystems of the Tomato.

These legumes are often great for replenishing nitrogen in soil. To get a little sciency, the beans rely on bacteria in the soil which takes the gaseous form of nitrogen from the air and then feeds it to the beans in the soil, thus replenishing or ‘fixing’ the soil’s nitrogen content.

As tomatoes are naturally heavy feeders they love this replenished nitrogen to keep feeding on; tomatoes bear large fruit so suck a lot from the soil in order to feed the growth.


Where something exists above, there is always space for something below. The idea of growing carrots (another Italian native) alongside tomatoes can seem a little wild but there is a pretty obvious reason why they are great companion plants.

Namely, carrots when grown underneath tomatoes or in the gaps between the plants can create a lot of actual space in the soil as they grow.

By airing out the roots of the tomato plant you can encourage more roots while also warding off other fungal diseases that can be caused by roots being starved of air.

The actual carrots you do end up growing under the tomatoes will be smaller than normal as the tomatoes will take quite a bit of their food from the soil, but this can be fine. Carrots are also a great accompaniment to most Italian dishes that also use tomatoes, so why not?!

Another Tomato Plant

Hold on, we know this sounds like a cop out but there’s a good reason why which is based in permaculture and nature itself.

Depending on your situation and why you are growing tomatoes, one good approach to growing tomatoes tips to spread your yield across two seasons.

What we mean by this is to grow one tomato plant very optimally, letting it grow to the optimal level it can. This means in the following season when your tomato bears fruit again they will already be big and juicy thanks to those established roots.

THe effect this will have on the tomatoes you grow in the subsequent season will be big. This is due to plant competition.

All the plants in this ecosystem are competing in some way or another for both food and for light, but your plants will naturally compete with this large tomato plant.

This means that they will likely become bigger and juicer and redder as they attempt to compete.

This is one of the big facets of permaculture and why it’s so helpful: this is classically what will happen in a natural ecosystem anyway as one plant will always be larger than the rest and this will encourage the rest of the plants to keep up genetically.

Final Thoughts

So there you have it, there are many plants that are great companion plants to tomatoes, they can have different functions such as protecting the tomatoes form bugs, helping prevent other diseases, as well as simply creating competition among the tomatoes themselves.

These are all things that will already be naturally happening in the wild, we are simply learning from the natural ecosystem that enables tomatoes to grow well and applying it to our own environment and garden.

If you want to learn more about tomato companion plants, or companion plants for any other plant, you should consider the natural ecosystem in which that plant grows well.

Literally everything we have mentioned is totally natural to the endemic environment of tomatoes within a Mediterranean climate.

In other words, the best companion plants to tomatoes, and any plant in general, ar ethe ones which surround it in the wild – each plant has its own natural place in the ecosystem and often have a symbiotic relationship with other plants reciprocating the food and protection they can each bring to each other.

30 Different Types Of Lilies (With Pictures) & How To Grow Them

Last update: May 26, 2022

Lilies are some of the most beautiful flowers in the world.

Whether it’s their wonderfully delicate, curling petals, or their fascinating anthers within their center, lilies offer some of the most visually satisfying plants available.

They brighten up any garden! However, you’ll probably be surprised to learn that there are many more varieties than the typical white ones you see.

Well, there are well over 90 different species of lily that exist, with thousands of varieties housed within that.

These are often broken down into “Divisions”, which divide the varieties and species up into groups based on their physical qualities and origins.

In this guide, we’ll be looking at each division and some of the best breeds of lily that you can grow from them, describing their characteristics.  

On top of that, we’ll give a small look at just how lilies came to be – as well as a detailed guide on how you can grow and care for your own.

After you’ve picked some out from our list, of course! So, read on and get planting. 

A Brief History Of Lilies

As Europeans explored continents, they found new lily species all over the world – North America, Asia, Japan. They brought them back, and by the 1920s the number of lily varieties was growing massively.

A man named Jan de Graaff began to make a breeding program for lilies, and his Oregon Bulb Farms were responsible for lots of hybrids – which you’ll read about soon! 

Types Of Lilies

Below, you’ll find examples from each division of lilies – including their individual qualities!

Division 1: Asiatic Hybrids

The first division of lilies are great for a number of reasons. For one, they’re the earliest bloomers of all of them, which is useful because flowering early will give you quicker results.

Secondly, the Asiatic division has the best variety of colors of any division, offering yellows, oranges, pinks, reds, whites, and more! The only color they don’t offer is blue.

On the whole, they tend to reach about four feet tall, growing about 2.5 feet in their first year, then less from then on.

There is a downside, however, and that’s that they don’t have a scent. This can be a great shame for flower lovers who like to enjoy the fragrance of their garden.

Their wonderful colors, though, will surely make up for it!

Tending To Asiatic Hybrids

 Whether they’re planted in a plot or a flowerbed, you want them to have good drainage. To make them live longer, harvest them when their lower buds begin to show color, but haven’t opened. 

Orange Pixie Lily

Orange Pixie Lily

This beautiful orange lily has a fiery feel to it, though is quite short, growing to a maximum of 18 inches (1.5 feet) with the flowers included.

The “pixie lilies” are part of the “dwarf Asiatic” variety, small flowers that bloom early (this blooms mid-year, from June to August), meaning you can have a variety over the year.

They go well in small gardens with some sun, and grow in zones 2 to 9 (which refers to conditional zones across America). 

Denia Pixie Lily

Another pixie lily, this will grow to about the same size, 1.5 feet. They have a more subdued look, with soft pink petals with brown spots. 

They suit small gardens also, with a mixture of full or occasional sun, and are best in the zones 3 to 8.

Denia Pixie Lily

Connecticut King Lily

There are bright, big yellow flowers. They have some height, reaching 3 feet at maximum, and do best with only some sun.

They also bloom best mid-year, in June, and should only be grown in the zones 4 to 8 across America. 

Like all Asiatics, they don’t have a scent to them.

Connecticut King Lily

Roma Lily

These are gorgeous, cream colored flowers that come from pink buds. The finished flower looks rather like vanilla, which is funny because their brown anthers look like vanilla beans!

They have good height to them growing 4 feet, and bloom at the start of summer. 

These flowers flourish from full sun exposure, and grow best in the zones 3 to 9, so ideally you live there.

Roma Lily



Enchantment Lily

More fiery orange flowers, these have some brown freckles too for variation. They reach heights of about 3-4 feet, also blooming in the summer season and enjoying full sunlight for growth.

The zones 4 to 8 across America will give them the right conditions for growing, too. 

Another quality of the Enchantment Lily (Latin name, Lilium Enchantment) is that they are great for reproducing.

Each stem leaf should have little bulbs (known as “bulbils”) on their apex, when not flowering, and these can bulbs can be harvested about 2 months after things have flowered.

If you love the color of Enchantment, then this is a great and easy way to get lots more of it in your garden color pallet.

Enchantment Lily

Division 2: Martagon Hybrids

Like the Asiatic, these are also early bloomers, allowing you to get them in flower nice and early on.

However, while many Asiatics like some full sun weather, the Martagon actually grows best in colder climates, preferring the shade to the sun’s full heat. 

As for the flowers themselves, they have small flowers that face downward to the ground. They also have whorled leaves, which is when there are at least 3 leaves equally spaced around a node.

On top of that, they have pendent like flowers that come on tall spikes. 

Martagon Hybrids often come from breeding other types of flower together, in this case the martagon variety and the Japanese turk’s-cap lily. 

Tending To Martagon Hybrids

You’ll want to keep these out of the sun, instead putting them in the shade, where they can keep much colder.

As for soil, they like a good amount of drainage, but won’t die if it’s ot an excellent standard. 

Marhan – Lilium X Dalhansonii

Marhan - Lilium X Dalhansonii

A beautiful freckled, salmon-pink  or honey color plant.

This hybrid resembles its flower parents, the martagon and the turk’s-cap (also known as “hansonii”), though its petals aren’t quite as strongly bent and curvy as they both have. 

They can grow to be quite tall, reaching about 4-6 feet. They grow best in zones 3 to 7, blooming in the early summer and mostly enjoying shade. Partial sun is sometimes recommended, but shade is best.

Division 3: Candidum Hybrids

Also known as the Madonna Lily, this is one of the most recognized and popular lilies in the world – the pure white lily.

As you can tell from its Madonna name, it has connections to religion, and dates back around 4000 years at least.

Yet, despite the popularity, it has barely been used to make cultivars. The lilium x testaceum is practically the only Candidum Hybrid, and is rare on top of that.

For this reason, you’re unlikely to be planting any. If you did, though, they bloom from late spring to early summer. 

Division 4: American Hybrids

These come from the wild lilies of North America, specifically the Leopard Lily (Latin name, lilium pardalinum).

If the climate is cold, they bloom in the middle of summer, whereas if the climate is hot, they tend to bloom in late spring. 

As for the appearance, they have pendent blooms and their bulbs spread outwards over time (because of their rhizomatous bulbs). On top of that, their foliage is whored. 

Tending To American Hybrids

If you’re planting at home, plant them alongside shrubs for the best results. If you have access to woodlands, those work great too!

You must be careful when handling them, though, as the rhizomatous bulbs need delicate movement and lifting. 

Cherrywood Lily

Cherrywood Lily

These tangerine flowers are beautiful, with red tips at the ends of the petals and red dots all over.

On top of that, the flower has whorled foliage all across the stems. It’s a tall plant, too, reaching heights of about 5-6 feet

In terms of weather, this is going to enjoy being fully in the sun for it to grow best. It likes light and heat, blooming in the middle of summer, and is best grown if you live in the zones 4 to 8 across America. 

Bellingham Lily

These will bloom in bright and full colors: orange, red, yellow. They have a real presence, with tall spikes covered in whorls of green leaves on them.

On top of that, they have lots of brown and black freckles all over their leaves. Their anthers are vibrant oranges and reds, just like the petals. 

Like Cherrywood, these grow to impressive heights, lifting to about 5-6 feet at full bloom. Similarly, they also like to have lots of sunlight, growing best when left out of the shade and the cool.

For this reason, they also bloom in the middle of summer, benefitting from the increased heat of the season. You also need to grow them in the right areas across America, with them liking zones 4 to 8 the best.

Bellingham Lily


Division 5: Longiflorum Hybrids

These are often referred to as the Easter Lily, popular around Easter time. This is probably because of their calming pure white colors, yellow centers, and beautifully strong smells.

Its flowers are trumpet shaped, growing to impressive sizes of about 7 inches (half a foot), and they originally hail from Japan and Taiwan. 

Tending To Longiflorum Hybrids

However, they are notoriously difficult to grow and keep surviving.

The flowers are extremely tender, meaning that they probably won’t survive any really cold weather, so they are often kept to the warmer Easter times.

They are unlikely to cope in a garden setting, meaning that they need to be given protected environments to survive.

Perhaps because of these specific conditions, they are almost entirely just grown over in containers in North America, offering them security and protection. That being said, the hybrids are much better at coping!

White American Lily – “Lilium Longiflorum”

This hybrid is much sturdier than the Easter Lily original. Its appearance is just as refreshing, though, with large white flowers that are trumpet shaped.

Its anthers are orange colors, contrasting well against the white, and the same goes for its green tips. 

They reach a modest height of about 3 to 4 feet, and bloom around summer – which is not perfect if you also want them for Easter time!

That said, they like both shade and sun, so be sure to get a mixture of both, and not too much of one at the cost of not having the other.

Heat and sun are good for it! Also, you should try and grow it only in the zones 4 to 8 across America.

White American Lily - “Lilium Longiflorum”

Division 6: Trumpet And Aurelian Hybrids

Trumpets and Aurelians are put into the same division. This hybrid division has the biggest number of varieties, which has led to them being very popular among florists and flower enthusiasts. 

They have many visual qualities that make them popular too! Their foliage is slender and narrow, while the flowers themselves have the typical funnel shapes that you often associate with lilies.

The plants are large, too, and come in a variety of colors. They tend to open up around summer time, but will continue to grow and improve later into the year.

And their qualities aren’t just in sight – they smell great too! Trumpets and Aurelians have a wonderful, strong, refreshing scent to them.

Tending To Trumpet and Aurelian Hybrids

Many of the hybrids like to enjoy exposure to the full sun, so make sure that you’re planting them in a location that doesn’t have a lot of shade to it – you’ll want a good deal of heat to help them.

Additionally, plant them only in zones 4 to 8. As for their soil, you’ll want to plant them in a soil that has lots of organic matter in it. 

And where is this soil going? Well, a container is best, as the hybrids will grow strongest here.

However, make sure that they are not placed too closely together, leaving about a 12 inch gap between the bulbs.

Once the hybrids have flowered, make sure to deadhead them (remove the dead plants) and then cut the plant back down to soil level before the winter comes.

Golden Splendor

Golden Splendor

As you can tell from the name, these produced brilliant yellow (almost gold) flowers. It’s a sturdy plant with brown anthers, and has a little purple colored bud in their center.

They have a reasonable height, reaching about 4 feet usually, and bloom best in summer. They’ll want exposure to the sun! On top of that, they’ll grow best in the zones 4 to 8

As you might assume from such a beautiful, refreshing looking flower, they have a heavenly scent. If you take a deep sniff inside this beautiful trumpet, you’ll enjoy a strong and delicious smell.  

African Queen

African Queen


Beautiful and big, the African Queen (not the Humphrey Bogart movie!) comes in a vibrant and full on shade of orange.

The anthers, meanwhile, have a touch of purple and pink to them, which is a lovely contrast when compared to the orange petals.

The flowers themselves tend to face outward, while also dipping down towards the soil, as if they’re bowing to you. 

They can reach a very impressive height of around 5 to 6 feet tall, so make sure to have plenty of room for them to grow up and into.

On top of that, they like to bloom in the middle of the year, best between July and August.

As a result, they like to enjoy the full sunshine, growing best when exposed to the light and the heat that those summer months allow in bucket loads. Make sure that their soil has good drainage though!

The African Queens also grows best in zones 4 to 9, and has a fragrant scent to it that you’ll love to smell. 

Bright Star

Bright Star


Another lily that shares its name with a movie! These beautiful flowers have a wonderfully subtle blend of white and pink on their leaves, with orange centers that look like little flames. 

This is why they have their name, because their petals spread all around and they have these glowing orange anthers in the center – just like a golden, shining star in the night sky.

Interestingly, there are actually a bunch of green parts to the center too, adding a healthy look to it all. 

The shape of the flowers are actually a bit flatter than other trumpet hybrids, because of the parent plants that formed it – the lilium centifolium and the lilium henryi. 

They grow to a moderate height of about 3 to 4 feet tall, and bloom best in the period between later summer and early autumn.

This is a good, hot time that has plenty of sun – for this reason, it is a flower that likes to be put in the full sun, not hidden away in the shade.

On top of that, the flower grows best in zones 4 to 9, so it’s best not to try growing them if you’re not living in these areas. 

On top of their exciting star-like appearance, they have a wonderfully fragrant scent to them too, meaning that they are not just lovely to look at but also nice to dip your nose into and smell. 

Pink Perfection Group

Pink Perfection Group 

These are big flowers that have a really gentle, plush quality to their appearance. This is because they come in the shades of dark pink and purple, a full and relaxing color.

And what do we mean by big? Well, their flowers can be massive! Some of them will measure about 10 inches (0.8 feet) in their diameter, at their absolute maximum growing size!

But to reach that size you’d better plant them properly! Thankfully, they are versatile, growing equally well in containers and flower beds. When do they grow best, though?

They should bloom best around summer time, whether in the middle of the season, or towards its end. Since that’s a hot time, they like heat, and they enjoy being planted in view of the full sun.

That being said, they also do well when put in partial shade. Like we said, they’re versatile!

Pink Perfections grow best in zones 4 to 9, so make sure to have this kind of environment if you expect them to survive and grow to their best size and conditions.

On top of this all, they are a very fragrant plant, with a rich and beautiful scent – which fits their beautiful purple look. 

Division 7: Oriental Hybrids

These hybrids come from blending the lilium auratum and lilium speciosum, which are types of wild lilies, a division that we’ll speak about later.

Like those parent plants, they look wonderful and have brilliant, fragrant scents to them – making them very popular among flower growers.

Interestingly, they actually turned out to be better than their parents, being a lot sturdier and hardy.

They usually reach great heights, even as much as five feet, and their blooms are usually somewhere between six and eight inches (0.5 to 0.6 feet). 

Additionally, their petals are curved, and the flowers themselves are strong and face upright.

They are often at their best around August time, but they start to bloom in summer and sometimes last long into fall.

Tending To Oriental Hybrids

You must be careful when choosing soil for your oriental bloomers.

They don’t like lime for a start, which some soils have to improve their soil structure, so you’ll want to go for an ericaceous compost soil instead.

Lime heavy soil is often called alkaline, so be sure to watch out for it. Additionally, your flowers will do better if you put them in containers. 

Dizzy Lily

Dizzy Lily

These have lovely long petals that are white, with deep red lines stretching across them down the middle. Alongside that, there are lots of pink and red spots all around the petal.

It all creates a flower that is very pretty and delicate, which is further helped by the red or pink anthers hanging from the center of the flower. 

As for the shape, the petals like to curve backward, which makes them look even more delicate and soft.

The plant can grow to heights of 3 to 4 feet tall, which isn’t especially high, but is high enough to still have its charm. 

Dizzy’s are versatile too, able to grow well in flower beds and containers.

Similarly, they are happy to grow whether they’re in full sun or whether they’re being kept cooler in some shade – so feel free to mix it up!

As for zones, they grow best when planted in a place that come under zones 5 to 9. And season wise? They will bloom best around the middle of summer. 

As for their soil, you’ll want a soil that has good drainage, but is regularly kept watered – but never drowned. 

Oriental Acapulco Lily

Oriental Acapulco Lily



This is a beautiful and bright pink lily, with a really full color to it, helped by little dark pink spots all over it.

The anthers are delicate golden colors, and the petals of the flower are slightly ruffled, making them appear even more gentle. 

These hybrids bloom best in the middle or end-half of summer, and enjoy being put in the full sun or in some partial shade. As for the locations in America that they are likely to grow best when planted in, the Acapulco lily should grow best in zones 3 to 8

They have a moderate height, too, able to reach anywhere between 3 and 4 feet in height. And the smell? Lovely! They have a fragrant scent to their flowers. 

Casa Blanca Lily

Casa Blanca Lily

What do you know, another lily that shares its name with a Humphrey Bogart movie! Well, no, it’s obviously really taking its name from the place in Africa!

These are pure white flowers with no dots or spots, just sheer white petals with orange or gold colored anthemes hanging out of their center. On top of that, the center also has dashes of green around it.

They like to bloom best between the middle and the end-half of summer, enjoying being put in full view of the sun.

Try to avoid the shade! They like light. That being said, they should be planted in slightly colder zones like zones 4 to 7. Those are still relatively warm, though, and should have plenty of sun! 

Casa Blanca lilies can grow to heights of about 3 to 4 feet tall, and have a lovely fragrance to them too. 

Tom Pouce Lily

Tom Pouce Lily


These are gorgeous lilies with one of the most unique styled flowers there are.

Basically, they have soft pink petals with a yellow stripe on each that goes down the center, lengthways down the petal. Meanwhile, their center has a mixture of green alongside the reddish anthers.

Sometimes they’ll have spots too. The pairing of purple and yellow is peaceful in unexplainable ways, so have a look for yourself!

They do well blooming in containers, with soil that is well-drained.

They bloom best around the middle and end-half of summer, and enjoy either full sun or a bit of shade. As for zones, you’ll want to grow them in hardy, hot zones of 5 to 9

Tom Pouce can grow to heights of 2 to 3 feet tall, and offer a delicious fragrance. 

Division 8: Interdivisional Hybrids

These hybrids are made by crossing flowers from the other 7 divisions, making them almost a blend of blends.

This ability to cross them has only been made possible by science in recent years. They tend to have large flowers which are flat. Unlike many other lilies, they are okay with soil that contains lime. 

Black Beauty Lily

Black Beauty Lily

You may expect these to be solid black, but no! They’re a kind of pink shade that grows darker as it gets towards the center. On top of that, they have little spikes that are dark purple.

Make sure you have room, because they tend to grow a lot of flowers – as many as 150! As a result, they have very big bulbs that can support the great amount of buds and flowers.

And moreover? They have a great scent!

Their height is quite impressive too, reaching 4 to 6 feet tall. They enjoy being in the full sun, blooming in late summer and early autumn.

They like to grow in hardy zones, growing best in zones 4 to 9. On top of this, they don’t mind growing in alkaline, lime-heavy soils. 

Scheherazade Lily

Scheherazade Lily

It may be a mouthful to say, but these are quite beautiful. The flowers are a rich crimson color, with a cream-like border going around the petals.

The anthers come out of the center at a great length, each one brown. 

The lily blooms best in the middle or end of summer, and is happy to enjoy some shade or full sun exposure.

It can grow to 4 to 7 feet tall, and grows best in the zones 5 to 9. On top of that, it smells very fragrant!

Heartstrings Lily

Heartstrings Lily

These are pink, like a cartoon of a heart, with white sections near the center. They bloom best mid-year, in June, and enjoy being in the sun or in the shade.

They can reach heights of 3 to 4 feet tall, and grow best if you put them in zones 3 to 9

Make sure to pop them in some soil that’s drained well, and water regularly – but not too much. When they’re fully flowered? They should smell very fragrant! 

Forza Red Lily

Forza Red Lily

You can guess the color of these lilies – they’re red! It’s a really luxurious looking red, too, deep and rich.

They actually look quite a lot like red velvet, all smooth and expensive looking. Their center contains dark red anthers, adding a small and subtle contrast in shades, making them look even better. 

They have large blooms and can reach heights of 3 to 4 feet tall. They bloom best in the middle of the year, in June, and enjoy being put in the sun.

Try to let them avoid being in the shade! They like heat and light. They will grow best if you plant them in a place that is between zones 5 and 9

On top of looking wonderful, they smell brilliant too! As you would expect from such a fancy looking plant. It’s no wonder that they’re popular with flower sellers!

Division 9: Wild Lilies

Finally, we reach the 9th division.

These are the wild parents of all the other 8 hybrid groups, and the native lilies can be found in a variety of places: North America, Europe, and Asia. Sadly, though, they can be harder to grow in your garden than the hybrids. 

They may not look as flashy as the hybrids, which get the best of both worlds because they get to blend two lovely plants together, they still have a lot of beauty and color in them.

They can be grown in much the same way, although make sure to avoid alkaline soils, but it will be more difficult to keep them alive and growing than when you’re raising some hybrid lilies from the other divisions. 

Leopard Lily

Leopard Lily

These originally come from the pacific coast region of North America, from places like California and Oregon. They are a delightfully vibrant and spotty flower.

Their petals are a mix of yellow and orange, while being shaped like a pendent, and they have lots of dark red spots and dots all over them.

This is, understandably, where they get their name from – because they look like leopards, yellow with spots!

They do well in both partial shade and partial sun, so be sure to give them a good mixture, and they bloom best in the middle of summer every year.

As for the zones across America that they’ll grow best in, you should plant them if you’re living within zones 5 to 9

They can grow to heights of about 5 to 6 feet tall, and they are often fragrant in their smell – though it may not be as strong as other lilies or lily hybrids. 

Tiger Lily

Tiger Lily

Now, these have a similar name to the Leopard Lily, and I bet you can guess why! That’s right, they have a color like a tiger, along with spots – just like the animal too!

The color is, naturally, orange, which gets lighter as it goes out towards the edges of each petal.

As for the spots, they tend to be dark red and brown in color, though it can also look a lot like dark purple – not a color that a tiger would have! Their anthers, meanwhile, are also purple/brown.

These lilies originally came from Asia, but now grow all over North America. They’re sturdy plants, too, able to survive most viruses or diseases.

This does, however, make it risky to plant them next to other plants – so make sure that you give them space. A big garden will make this easy. 

Speaking of garden size, you can easily have lots of the tiger lillies!

They have small bulbs at the axis between their stems and leaves, which you can remove when they are easy to pull away, before planting them into other pots. 

It can reach heights of about 2 to 5 feet tall, leaving big room for variation. They grow best in zones 3 to 9, and bloom in the middle or the end of summer. They like the sun a lot, so give them either full or partial sunlight

A downside, though, is that the tiger lily is not fragrant. For such a beautiful flower, it’s a shame that it doesn’t have a lovely scent to accompany its looks. 

Martagon Lily – Lilium Martagon

Martagon Lily - Lilium Martagon

This usually comes with purple and pink leaves, (typically) with dark purple spots all over it and orange anthers, but you can also get it in an albino white form. A big contrast!

The pendent leaves curve back on themselves, touching the bottom of the flower.

What’s impressive about the martagon is that you can plant it and it “goes native”, which means that it establishes itself in your garden and can keep going for years without too much tending. 

It is also a type of lily that likes to be in the shade, growing well without the sunlight if you want to plant it that way.

On top of that, it doesn’t mind too much what kind of soil you’re planting it in, either.

If it’s alkaline and lime soil, it won’t react negatively like many other lilies, being able to grow unlike its hybrid off shoots. 

Canada Lily – Lilium Canadense

Canada Lily - Lilium Canadense

These actually look a lot like tiger lilies, with orange leaves and beautiful brown and purple spots all over them. On top of that, the anthers have a certain purple shade to them too.

The leaves have pointed tips that go out and bend up, making the flower quite elegant, unlike the big trumpet lilies that you may have seen.

The Canada Lily is quite unique in its bulbs, which are stoloniferous. This means that instead of growing out of the top of their bulb, the plant grows out of the base of the bulb for a few inches.

New bulbs are then formed at the ends of these base shoots, which then start to grow up towards the surface. 

These like to bloom in the months of June and July, and enjoy being in the full sun. They grow in a whole range of zones, zones 3 to 9, so you’ll likely be able to grow them wherever you live across America.

That being said, they aren’t easy to grow and keep going, so maybe get some experience in growing lilies before you turn your hand (and its green fingers!) to growing some Canada Lilies. 

But if you do manage? These beautiful plants should grow to heights of about 4 to 6 feet tall. However, they sadly do not have a fragrance to them, so you’ll have to enjoy their looks alone.

Fire Lilies

Fire Lilies

As you can guess, these are orange colored plants that look like fire! The flowers open wide like a bowl, and their petals are covered in dark brown spots.

They grow only about 3 to 4 feet tall, making them rather small, but they are beautiful nonetheless. Better yet, they’re easy to grow!

They have numerous bulbils that form on the area between their stem and leaf, which you can remove and pot to make more fire lilies in no time. 

They bloom best in early summer and enjoy being in full or partial sun.

For zones, they will grow best in zones 3 to 9, which is again a big gap – meaning you should hopefully be in one of them. On top of that, they’re very fragrant flowers!

Easter Lily

Easter Lily 

We’ve mentioned these earlier, under the Division 5 hybrid. These are pure and white, and help to make hybrids like “White American”.

Their anthers are golden brown, and the plant will grow only to a height between 2 and 4 feet tall. 

They bloom best in late summer, but this is when they’re planted outdoors.

See, if you live in a warm area, then you can grow them outdoors easily, where they like full or partial sun, but if you live in a colder area then you’ll need to grow them in containers that can be brought inside in winter.

Zones 5 to 8 will be best, and the plant is fragrant for your troubles.

Henry’s Lily

Henry’s Lily

This is a beautiful, curved flower with orange petals and brown dots. It’s very hardy, growing in zones 5 to 8, and enjoys any soil.

It grows to heights of 4 to 8 feet tall, and blooms best in the beginning and middle of summer. It benefits from full or partial sun.

Sadly, it has no fragrance!

Golden-Rayed Lily – Lilium Auratum

Golden-Rayed Lily - Lilium Auratum

These have soft white petals, with yellow stripes and brown spots. They dislike lime soil, so use ericaceous compost, with grit for drainage.

They can grow to 4 feet tall, and bloom in late summer, enjoying full or partial sunlight

It’s best to put them in a container, and try to plant them in a place between zones 5 and 10

Madonna Lily

Madonna Lily 

Let’s finish with the classic. They enjoy any soil, as long as it’s well-drained, and bloom in early summer. They have pure white petals with a green center.

Try to grow them in zones 6 to 9, and make sure that they’re planted a little shallower than usual. They enjoy full and partial sunlight, and will give you a beautiful fragrance. 

How To Breed Lily Hybrids

Step 1

Remove the anthers of the lily you’re pollinating (the seed parent), but leave their style/stalks. 

Step 2

Remove the anthers from the second lily parent (the pollen parent), putting the pollen onto the end of the seed parent’s stigmas. Be careful and use a paintbrush for help.

Step 3

Once pollinated, label the plant to remember. If the two plants don’t bloom at the same time, just put the pollenin the fridge until the second plant flowers.

Step 4

Wait a few weeks! For safety, but some muslin around the pod, so it collects the seeds.

Step 5

After collecting the seed, you can plant them into neutral pH or ericaceous compost.

Plant them on top and give them a dusting of compost, then soak in water from the bottom. Put it all in a plastic bag, and a lily should appear within weeks!

Final Thoughts

As you can see, there are loads and loads of different lilies – whether they are the originals or hybrids!

Adding lilies to your garden will instantly make it more beautiful, with so many different colors available, and our guide has shown you how relatively easy they are to grow and keep.

So, follow our steps, and you’ll have a beautiful garden in no time!

How To Care For Your Indoor Anthurium Plant

Last update: May 26, 2022


Imagine you’ve just picked up a beautiful new plant, a lovely one of the anthurium variety.

You can’t wait to see how it looks at home – how it’ll brighten the place up with its color! But there’s a slight problem: what’s the best way to care for it and make sure that it keeps healthy and alive?

Well, we’ve got the answers for you! In this guide you’ll find out all about how you can best look after your anthurium plant indoors, making sure that it stays fit and healthy, and cheers up your home.

What Is An Anthurium Plant?

What Is An Anthurium Plant?

Anthuriums, also known as laceleaf plants, are a genus that has about 1000 different species within it. That’s a lot of choice for you when it comes to picking one!

Anthuriums can come in all sorts of colors, giving you even more choice: green, yellow, red, pink, black, white, and more. Red is probably the most common and popular.

The beauty of anthuriums comes at a price, though, because they need to be tended to in very specific ways. If you want your new plant to survive, you’d best follow this guide!

Growing An Anthurium Indoors

There are a few key basics you’ll want to have in place when you first set your anthurium up indoors. 

Firstly, you’ll want to get a plant stake to put alongside the growing anthurium.

This is because anthuriums aren’t good at keeping upright by themselves as they get taller, and they need something supporting them.

When they’re growing outdoors, this isn’t a problem, because they use other plants to help keep them up. At home, however, you’ll need something like a stake or a skewer.

Imagine that it’s a climbing frame for flowers – it’s something for the plant to hold onto and climb!

Secondly, you want to put your anthurium in a pot that’s more than big enough to allow it to grow into.

If the plant ever begins to grow out of the pot, with the roots coming above its soil, then you’ll need to carefully remove it and re-house it in a new pot.

Speaking of repotting, you’ll want to re-pot your anthurium about every three years, just to keep giving them room.

You also want to make sure that your pot has good drainage in place. Do this by putting small pieces of pot at the bottom of it, which should prevent the pot’s holes from getting blocked.

Speaking of draining water, you want to water your plant modestly, making the soil moist but not flooded.

The Best Soil For Anthuriums

The Best Soil For Anthuriums

The ideal soil for anthuriums is one that will keep some of the water from your watering, but still drain enough to keep the plant from drowning.

As we’ve mentioned, your chosen pot should be helping with this draining, using its hole to filter out the unwanted water. 

So what soils best offer this combination of holding and draining water? A mixture of orchid soil mix and normal houseplant soil should do a good job for you.

The half-and-half combination of the two soils creates a perfect blend that retains enough water for feeding, while draining the rest. 

Similarly, a more thorough blend would be a mixture of that orchid soil, but with peat moss and sand thrown into the bunch too.

It’s a very specific blend, but does a wonderful job at catering to your anthurium. Peat moss alone is well known for helping soil to hold nutrients effectively. 

Watering Your Anthurium

As you’ve just seen, a great soil is going to be a very important part of keeping your anthurium well hydrated. 

That being said, you still need to adopt a regular watering routine, making sure that you give the plant enough water on a constant basis. How will you know how regularly though?

Well, the top of the soil is a good clue. If the top has stopped being moist and has become dry, then it’s time to water.

If you leave it too long, the soil as a whole will dry out, and it could damage the anthurium.

Dried soil will stop the plant growing, and the roots will become accustomed to dryness and find it harder to get hydrated again.

Similarly, too much water is very bad. As you probably know, overwatering a plant will kill it, essentially drowning it.

You want to strike the balance between under-watering and over-watering! Which is “moist”. 

You want to keep the soil moist at all times. If you’ve given it anything more than moist, you should be able to tell by the water flooding out of the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot.

Make sure you’re only giving enough water to keep it moist, rather than like a mini ocean, and make sure that you do it regularly.

Give it time to soak up the water, though! Regular watering does not mean every hour.

The Best Light Levels For Anthuriums

The Best Light Levels For Anthuriums

Just like watering, the light that your anthurium will require is all about balance. You want to strike the perfect balance between light and dimmer light.

That is to say: it’s all about “indirect” light. This is light that isn’t directly from the source, rather it’s spread all around the space through reflection. This means that it’s still light, but it isn’t as bright and powerful.

So, you want to position your anthurium in a room that has a lot of indirect light. If you put it in the dark? It won’t grow. If you put it in low lighting?

It’ll grow, but much slower and less effectively than in indirect light. If you live in dimness, you may want to pull open a curtain or two. 

On the other hand, extreme sunlight destroys the plant. The leaves of anthuriums are prone to burning if they’re placed in direct light, for example right under the powerful glare of the sun.

Speaking of sun, temperature is important: anthuriums like it humid. If it ever gets cold, try using a humidifier to keep it healthy. 

Breeding Anthurium

If you’ve found it easy keeping your anthurium alive with these steps, you may want to grow more!

Like most flowers, cut a stem off your anthurium and plant it into some soil. Use all the same techniques as above to tend to it.

If It Isn’t Flowering?

You must try and get the right balance of everything: pot, water, soil, and light. This mix of nutrients and help should make the anthurium bloom.

If it still isn’t in flower, though, try adding some very weak fertilizer to it, about quarter strength. Full fertilizer could harm it, so make sure to use a weakened version.


There you have it! If you have a new anthurium, you now know exactly how to keep it growing in good health.

Make sure that you get the perfect combination of soil and watering, with a pot that has good drainage systems.

Coriander Vs Cilantro: Are They The Same?

Last update: May 26, 2022

You can often hear Coriander and Cilantro being referred to in very similar circumstances, and some people even use the terms interchangeably.

But they in fact have very different meanings and are used very differently in cooking. 

The reason they both get mixed up so commonly is that they both come from the same plant – Coriandrum sativum.

The leaves are what is referred to as Cilantro, while the seeds of this plant are what is generally referred to as Coriander.

With this plant producing the seeds for both herbs it is a popular choice for home growing, it is not too hard to maintain and with its double use, it is used in a lot of different dishes. 

Cilantro is a bright green flat leaf and has a very aromatic almost soap-like taste. And coriander is a small hard seed with its own distinct flavor.

Regional Naming Differences

Regional Naming Differences

While you may think you know the difference between coriander and cilantro, the naming for these herbs is different depending on where you are from.

In North America, the leaf and its stem are referred to as cilantro and the seed is what is called coriander. Seems simple.

But in other parts of the world the whole plant is referred to as coriander; they call the leaves and stem coriander leaves, and they call the seed’s coriander seeds.

So when reading a recipe, try to make sure you know where the recipe is from. If it is a North American recipe, you know that coriander refers to the seed.

But if the recipe is not from this region, hopefully, it will specify if it means coriander leaves (cilantro) or if it just wants the seeds.

The reason why coriander leaves are called cilantro in a lot of the world is that the Spanish word for coriander is cilantro.

So this naming convention spread and stuck in some regions like North America but not in every English-speaking country.

Difference In Taste

Because coriander and cilantro come from the same plant it could be an easy presumption to make that they taste the same, but this is not true, and using them interchangeably could lead to disastrous results for the taste of your dishes.

With cilantro, as previously mentioned, it has a distinctly fresh and citrus flavor and scent that makes it an essential component for a lot more fresh dishes, and it can create a lovely flavor when combined with the right elements. 

Coriander on the other hand, while still having a more citrus taste, tastes a lot more floral and kind of lemony.

It is also used very differently, obviously having a very different texture and flavor profile to cilantro. 

Because of these distinct differences, it is strongly recommended to avoid using these herbs interchangeably.

If you do not want to home-grow these herbs, they are inexpensive to buy, and having both is essential if you want to be able to make a wide array of dishes. 

So what are these dishes which these herbs work best with?

What Dishes Does Coriander Work Best With?

What Dishes Does Coriander Work Best With?

The most common use of coriander is in curry and rice dishes.

A lot of dishes that fall under this categorization rely on the unique flavor profile of coriander as a foundation of the core notes of the meal. 

With its distinct flavor it is hard to substitute for, so it is really an essential if you like making a lot of these dishes.

With it being a hard seed it works well-being cooked into dishes to fully extract its flavor and to give it a more edible texture, completely dissimilar to how cilantro is cooked with. 

A lot of recipes also ask for the coriander seeds to be ground (so if you see a recipe asking for ground coriander you can be sure they are not asking for cilantro) so if you are home-growing cilantro, this is pretty easy to do.

As long as the seeds are dry enough you can use any good mortar and pestle to get them to the required state.

What Dishes Does Cilantro Work Best With?

What Dishes Does Cilantro Work Best With?

Cilantro leaves are used all over the world because of how easy it is to grow and its unique flavor. But most commonly you can find this herb in Asian and Mexican cuisine, both famous for their flavorful dishes and distinct flavors.

The stem is commonly used as it is where a lot of the flavor is concentrated, but the whole plant is often ground up into sauces, pastes, and dips to lend its distinct flavor.

The leaf by itself is often used as a final touch or garnish to finished dishes to add a distinct touch of freshness. This is worth noting since like many fresh herbs, cilantro can lose its flavor quite quickly.

This means that if you are freestyling and want to add its distinct flavor to a dish since you have it handy, make sure to add it near the end of the cooking as its flavor will mellow to the point of being unrecognizable if you let it cook down for too long!

How To Home-Grow Coriander And Cilantro

As has been mentioned a couple of times, coriander and cilantro are both quite easy to grow from home. You can buy seeds from a garden center, and you can even find pre-started plant pots at bigger grocery stores.

Obviously if you want more control over how the plant grows, getting seeds is best, but getting a pre-started pot is sometimes cheaper and easier when it comes to saving on equipment. 

Either way, it is easier and more convenient to grow the herb in easily portable pots, so you can have it outdoors when the climate is fitting but indoors to have on hand during colder months. 

If you want the plant to grow more seeds, since of course the seeds here are just as useful as the plant, the best thing to do is look after the plant and up-keep it well.

Keep the plant out of direct light as it prefers indirect light. Like with most herbs, you want to avoid the roots getting too soggy, so keep it in a pot with good drainage, and water once the top inch of soil is dry, keeping it appropriately moist.

Final Thoughts

So there we go; hopefully you now know what each one is and why you should try growing them yourself! It is a pretty easy plant to keep on top of and adds great depth of flavor to any dish it is used in!

Ways To Naturally Get Rid Of Slugs In Your Garden

Last update: May 26, 2022

Hooray! You’ve planted a beautiful garden and everything is growing well! But wait, what are those bite marks all over your prize crops? Looks like you have a slug invasion!

These pesky pests are a gardener’s nightmare, but fear not, we’ve got a whole host of ways that you can get rid of these invaders without damaging your garden’s ability to grow plants, or damage the soil and surrounding areas. 

During the spring, the air is moist, and the soil is perfect for inviting everyone’s least favorite guest – the slug – to have a nibble on your beautiful garden.

Especially with fragile seedlings and fresh fruit, even just one or two rogue slugs can be enough to decimate your plants in days if left unchecked. 

But don’t worry, there are ways to naturally control them. Before we get into those let’s have a look at why slugs might be in your garden, to begin with.Ways To Naturally Get Rid Of Slugs In Your Garden

1) They’re looking for food. Slugs are omnivores which means they eat both plant matter and animal matter.

So, when you see a bunch of little bites around your garden, it could mean that slugs are feasting on your prized vegetables, fruits, herbs, and flowers.

If you notice any signs of damage to your plants, then it’s time to take action. The best thing to do is to remove the damaged parts from the area, as this will prevent further damage.

Also, make sure to keep an eye out for any new growths coming up in the same spot. This may indicate that more slugs are about to arrive.

2) They’re attracted to moisture. When the weather gets hot outside, it tends to dry things out. And since slugs need water to survive, they’ll head straight for places where there’s lots of moisture. 

Some people say that slugs prefer damp conditions. So, if you notice that your plants are getting wetter than usual, then you should start worrying.

It could be because the rain has been heavier than normal, or maybe your sprinkler system is malfunctioning. Either way, it’s important to fix the issue before it’s too late.

3) They’re attracted to heat. Just like slugs, many other insects also thrive during warmer temperatures. Since slugs tend to live near the ground, they’re often found near the roots of plants.

So, if you find yourself noticing a lot of damage around your plants’ stems, then it’s likely that slugs are causing the problem. 

To avoid this, try covering your plants with a floating row cover until the weather cools down again. A floating row cover is a fabric that covers your plants and keeps them cool. 

4) They’re attracted to light. Slugs are nocturnal creatures, meaning they only come out at night. During the day, their bodies are exposed to sunlight, so they’re vulnerable.

However, if you notice that you’re having trouble keeping them away from your garden, then you should consider installing lights in certain spots.

This will help deter them from entering your garden, especially if you put them close to your plants.

5) They’re attracted to mulch. Mulching is great for protecting your plants from harsh weather elements, but it also attracts slugs and other creatures because it is so good at retaining moisture.

Slugs love to hide under mulch, so if you notice that your garden looks worse for wear after heavy rainfall, then it’s possible slugs were responsible. 

Try removing the mulch and placing it somewhere else, such as in the garage or shed. Or, you can place a barrier between your plants and the mulch. Some barriers are made specifically for this purpose. 

What Kind Of Damage Do Slugs Cause?

What Kind Of Damage Do Slugs Cause?

Slugs are a nuisance for gardeners, but they can also cause damage to your home.

While slugs may not be able to eat through walls or ceilings, their feeding habits and numbers can cause serious problems. If you have an infestation of slugs, you might notice:

1) Droppings. Slugs leave behind a trail of slime when they move across surfaces.

This slime contains bacteria that can lead to mold growth. Mold spores can easily spread throughout your house, making it difficult to keep clean.

2) Stains. Slugs are known for leaving stains on wood furniture and floors.

Not only do these stains look unsightly, but they can also attract ants and termites. These pests can eat into your floorboards and destroy your property.

3) Dampness. Slugs don’t just feed off of food; they also use moisture to survive. If you notice that your basement or crawl space is dripping, then you probably have a slug problem.

In a garden, slugs can cause damage by eating your plants. They will eat just about any leaves, but they are especially fond of lettuce and spinach.

When they eat your greens, they’ll leave behind slimy trails that can make your plants look unkempt.

In addition, slugs can carry diseases that could harm your plants, including botrytis blight (a fungal disease), powdery mildew (another fungal disease), and anthracnose (a bacterial disease).

Can Slugs Be Useful In Your Garden?

Yes! You can use slugs to your advantage. For example, they can be used to control aphids. Aphids are tiny bugs that suck the juices out of plants.

A healthy plant has enough nutrients to fight back against aphids, but if the number gets too high, then the plant will begin to wilt. To combat aphids, simply release some slugs into your garden.

The slugs will eat the aphids, which means less work for you.

You can also use slugs as composting material. Simply collect them in buckets and place them outside during the summer months.

As the temperature rises, the slugs will start to break down your garden compost heap, turning your big pile of garden waste and leaves into happy, healthy nitrogen-filled fertilizer that will benefit your plants enormously.

You can even use slugs to attract other beneficial wildlife to your gardens such as frogs, birds, snakes, etc.

All of these animals need something to live on. By providing them with slugs, you’re giving them a free meal.

How To Naturally Repel Slugs

How To Naturally Repel Slugs

Before going on that killing spree, the best line of defense is to simply make your garden less appealing to slugs in the first place, thus eliminating the need to strike them off their mortal coil. 

Slugs may not be your favorite creatures, but when they’re not chowing down on your plants, they are still a vital part of the ecosystem and should be treated as such!

To naturally repel slugs from your garden, there are four main things you should focus on:

1) Avoid using pesticides. Pesticides aren’t good for your health, and they certainly won’t help your garden. Sure, you may just get rid of one wave of slugs, but at what cost?

If you have children or pets that like to enjoy your garden along with you, then you should absolutely banish any idea of using pesticides from your brain.

2) Use natural pest repellents. There are many different ways to keep slugs away from your garden. One way is to sprinkle crushed garlic around your garden beds.

This will deter slugs from entering your garden because it smells like an anthill. Another method is to add dried rosemary or thyme to the soil around your plants. Both herbs have a strong scent that will drive slugs away.

3) Plant slug-proof plants. Some plants are known to attract slugs, so don’t plant those types of plants near your garden.

Instead choose things like marigolds and black-eyed Susan, flowers known to repel these slimy invaders.

If you do want to grow certain plants that slugs love, make sure to protect them with a floating row cover. Floating row covers are plastic sheets that float above the ground.

It keeps the sun’s rays from reaching the roots of your plants, and it helps to prevent weeds from growing underneath.

4) Keep your garden well maintained. Clean up any debris that might get left behind after gardening. When you maintain your garden properly, you’ll notice fewer pests and more beautiful blooms.

Preventative Measures

A few other things you can do to prevent slugs from coming into your garden are listed below:

Make A Barrier

Make A Barrier

If you see slugs crawling across your path, then you know they’ve made it past your barriers. To stop this from happening, you should build a barrier between your garden and the rest of the world.

The easiest way to do this is to lay some old carpet over your grass. Then, cut out holes for each flower pot or container. 

Once the holes are cut out, put a piece of cardboard inside each hole. Finally, fill each hole with gravel.

This will create a barrier that prevents slugs from crawling through your lawn. Other great barriers include eggshells, coffee grounds, wood ash, and sand. 

Clear Up Garden Debris

Clear Up Garden Debris

When you clear up your garden debris, you’re helping to eliminate food sources for slugs.

You should also remove any fallen leaves from your garden beds. Leaves are great places for slugs to hide during the day. They can even crawl back into the leaf once it starts raining again.

Keep An Eye On Plants

When you walk through your garden, look at every plant carefully. Look for signs of damage, such as missing leaves or wilted flowers.

If you spot these problems, take action immediately. Don’t wait until the problem gets worse.

Ways To Get Rid Of Slugs

So, you’ve done all you can to keep slugs out of your garden but alas, they are here! Read on for some natural ways to get rid of them.

Put Slug Traps In Each Bed

Slug traps work best when placed in areas where there are lots of slugs. Place one trap in each garden bed. Make sure the trap has a lid that closes tightly.

Then, place a small amount of bait in the center of the trap. After a couple of days, check the trap to see if any slugs have crawled inside. If they have, toss them out.

 Manually Removing Slugs

You may not be able to use a trap, but you can still manually remove slugs from your garden. Simply grab a handful of dirt and pull up the slugs.

You can put slugs straight into a bucket of soapy water to kill them instantly, or collect them to feed to predators such as birds and frogs (away from your lovely plants of course!).

Use Slug Bait

This method works by attracting slugs to an area where they’ll be easy to catch. Sprinkle some cornmeal around your garden beds. Then, sprinkle some beer along with the cornmeal.

This combination attracts slugs because they love beer and corn. Once you have attracted them, you can easily pick them out and kill them.

Final Thoughts

There’s no doubt that slugs are annoying little creatures. If you’re like most people, pests aren’t something you want to deal with. Whether it’s ants, cockroaches, termites, or other bugs, they can wreak havoc on your home. 

Fortunately, there are many things you can do to prevent these pests from invading your property. You don’t need to give up your garden just yet. With a bit of effort, you can keep them away without resorting to chemical pesticides.

Health Benefits of Gardening

Last update: May 11, 2022


We often assume that gardening is good for our health, but most of us do not actually know why this is.

Gardening has benefits for our physical and mental health, and even for people who are not totally mobile it can reap great health benefits.

Gardener taking care of their plants

Over 2020 and 2021, so many people started gardening and found that it was actually more enjoyable than we originally thought.

Gardening gives us something to do, a reason to get out of bed when we aren’t feeling so hot.

It gives us motivation, and something to care for that gives us purpose when we are in a bad place.

It means having to get out in the sun, soak up that vitamin D, and get some fresh air.

Plants and gardening can do wonders for our health. We just never seemed to realize it before, and the world is finally starting to see the full benefits of plants on our overall health. No matter what kind of garden you have, it can do you a world of good.

Wellbeing And Gardening

Wellbeing And Gardening

Gardening and wellbeing are well associated. Even if you are introverted, even if your introversion is extreme, gardening can get you outside, and help you get much needed fresh air.

Plants naturally make us happy and peaceful. They can be calming in times of stress, and shift our focus from chaotic human life for a time.

There is much that is to be said for how beneficial gardening can be for us, but instead of ranting at you all day, we will start by giving you the stats, the studies and the research that has been done into this already.


Spending time outside is good for our mind and bodies, as has been shown by research. You don’t need a scientist to tell you this though, you can tell yourself by just going outside.

You’ve probably experienced these benefits already. If you have felt stressed from a long day, or if your work or family life is hard, some time outside alone with nature can be a true form of therapy that costs absolutely nothing.

Most of us don’t live near a quiet forest, vast lake, or somewhere outdoorsy and quiet away from bustling human life, but our gardens can be a natural escape all in themselves.

Gardening is your nature zone, you make it, maintain it, and in return it can give you peace and therapy. Time with mud, flowers, leaves, and insects to get you away from the stress of everyday life.

It’s just that simple really.


There have been plenty of studies into this topic. Paul Camic, PhD, who is a professor of psychology has led many of these, showing that horticulture can have benefits for our mental health.

In one review study he conducted over a series of separate studies that while gardening as a treatment plan actually helped to fight depression in emotional, social, physical, spiritual, and vocational wellbeing, it also helped to relieve symptoms of anxiety and depression as well.

Carmic also published a study as well, in which his researchers had shown that having community gardens in an area actually boosted the connection within the community, and boosted the well-being of those who joined in.

Data from these studies showed that gardening actually gives people a space to have for oneself, it provides meaningfulness to an activity, and brings a feeling of being connected. It also improves mental and physical health as well.

However, with being outside and feeling connected it is no true surprise that it should boost mental and physical health.

There were many studies conducted over the course of the pandemic about this, and how gardening affected people during the pandemic. Many noted it helped to relieve stress and negative mood.

15 Health Benefits Of Gardening

15 Health Benefits Of Gardening

Obviously, we have noted plenty just how beneficial and good gardening is for mental and physical wellbeing in people. However, it is more than just this. Gardening brings many benefits to us.

In turn this plethora of benefits weighs up and is what makes such a significant difference to our health, overall.

We cannot possibly list every single benefit of gardening there is, but there are 15 primary benefits of gardening on your health.

So, let us take a look at all these benefits, and help you see why it is a hobby you might want to take up.

Improves Strength

Let’s not pretend that gardening is not hard work. It is, you spend a lot of time working with tools, using your muscles, especially in your hands. Bending down, and using muscles you may not be used to using.

Gardening does actually build up strength in your body. We are so used to sitting at a desk every day that we often find ourselves with less strength than we would like.

Gardening gives us that chance to work up our muscles.

It especially helps us in our hand strength, we do not use our hand muscles as often as we may think, even if we spend all day typing or texting. Gardening makes us use different muscles in our hands, strengthening us in a whole new way.

Maintains Memory

As we get older, we tend to worry more about whether dementia or Alzheimer’s will keep up on us in our older years. Memory is so core to who we are, that we do not want to lose this absolutely part of ourselves.

However, a study conducted in 2006 found that gardening could potentially lower the risk of developing dementia by at least 36%. There was research conducted into over 2,800 people over the age of 60 for a decade and a half.

The conclusion was that doing physical activity, especially gardening, was able to reduce the chances of dementia creeping up on us in later years.

This is in part because gardening keeps our minds active, healthy, and functioning. We have to remember things, forcing our minds to keep going and sustaining memory.

Boosts Mood

Gardening also boosts your mood, even if it is not sunny. There was a study done in the Netherlands, this study suggested that gardening fights stress like nothing else. It does this even better than a great deal of other hobbies.

People who did this study were told to perform a stressful task then go inside a read, or go outside and do some gardening for 30 minutes.

The group who did the gardening reported to have gotten much better soon after doing the gardening, and their blood tests backed up this as well. Their blood showed much lower levels of cortisol – the stress hormone, in comparison to the reading group.

Stress can make us utterly miserable, but gardening reduces this stress, and thus it helps us to boost our mood. Let’s not forget that successfully growing something releases a happy hormone as we have achieved something as well!

Stress Reduction

Stress Reduction

Speaking of stress reduction. This does not mean just in relation to work or family related stress. It also reduces the stressful symptoms of anxiety and depression as well.

Gardening gives you the ability to focus on something totally different, totally unrelated to anything stressful, and forces your mind to focus on that. Your mind cannot get anxious or depressed if it doesn’t have a chance to.

Gardening maintains focus, and if you love your plants, it maintains a great deal of your focus. So, it gives you a goal.

There has been a lot of talk of mental health, death and such in recent years, and gardening takes us away from this, it brings our minds to think about something else, and relaxes us in a different way, focusing on living things.

Helps Fight Diseases

We are somewhat like plants. We can technically photosynthesize. This is where plants make food from sunlight. However, we don’t make food from it, we make happiness.

Our skin absorbs the sunlight to make vitamin D. Only 30 minutes in the sun can create between 8,000 and 50,000 IU of vitamin D in us. It is so essential for body functions in our bones and immune system.

Being in the sun can actually lower our chances of getting; breast cancer, colorectal cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and MS.

With low vitamin D levels we are more likely to get psoriasis flares, diabetes, and such.

Sunlight literally helps our bodies fight off illnesses in a way we never might have thought.

Promotes Sleep

It shouldn’t be a shock to you that gardening promotes sleep either. It might seem like someone who is gardening is just lightly tinkering around in the backyard, but it is actually hard work.

Gardening is exercise, not that it feels like it when we are doing it. Raking and cutting grass are like moderate exercise, but shoveling, digging and chopping up wood are more of a vigorous kind of exercise.

Working in the garden means that every muscle group gets work out of some form. This can be quite tiring, of course. Since it can be tiring and like doing a workout without even realizing it does make you sleep better.

It’s like doing a moderate gym workout, except you do not even notice it because you’re so focused on the garden.


Gardening is also therapy for the soul. No matter whether you are suffering from depression, anxiety, work stress or family stress, recovering from an addiction, or just feeling down it becomes a great source of calm for many.

It offers a unique kind of therapy for people of all backgrounds, you do not need to have a huge garden, a tonne of space, or a wild idea, but it can be a massive mood booster and gives you a chance to get outside.

It makes you focus on that specific task, and while you do this, everything else fades away until it is just you and the plants.

People who go through therapy sessions often are recommended to get a plant, even just a houseplant, because it requires us to be there, we have to water it, fertilize it, and make sure it gets enough sun.

Gardening is just a more grand version of having a houseplant.

Increases Weight Loss

If you love plants, you will be glad to know that gardening is considered exercise. You can actually burn a good 330 calories doing just a single hour of light gardening outdoors. This actually burns more than walking for an hour.

People of male and female genes who garden regularly have been shown to have lower BMIs than people who did not do gardening.

So, even if you do not do any other activity, gardening every day can increase weight loss and help you shed those extra pounds while getting a dose of vitamin D, and some fresh air.

Burning off these calories without having to mindfully do any exercise and instead just have fun and enjoy your garden is so easy.

Offers A Feeling Of Connection

Offers A Feeling Of Connection

One of the biggest problems in older age is loneliness and a lack of connection, often stuck in homes and not seeing people as often as we would like, we all got a taste of this during 2020.

Gardening gives you a chance to feel a connection. Many people who are avid gardeners will often find themselves talking to their plants, not in a strange or crazy way, but in a way that feels like a connection.

Remember, you tend to these plants every day, care for them, help them grow strong, talking to them is much like talking to a pet.

Not only that but with gardening communities springing up, it gives people a chance to socialize when they usually wouldn’t have this chance to do so.

Helps Manage Eco-anxiety

For so many of us, watching the constant effects of climate change, although slow and gradual, becoming more noticeable by the day, can create a horrible feeling of guilt.

Although we alone cannot do anything, it is the major corporations who need to acknowledge their faults on the planet. Many of us feel anxious and guilty about this.

We can combat the negative feeling by gardening, growing plants, or even trees from saplings in our own yards to help us feel like we are helping.

Not only this, but we can go even further, using manual tools and not gas-powered ones, using rain barrels and mulch to cut down on water consumption. Compost to reduce waste, and turn your ward into a wildlife habitat, growing bee-friendly plants and wildflowers.

Planting trees is a great way to go, and evergreens are even better. They absorb carbon dioxide and are really easy to grow, most evergreen trees do not need a huge amount of care and are very strong, so they’re a good place to start.

Increases Self-Esteem

Many of us think of ourselves as not being good at much these days, this is the typical thought of someone feeling beaten down, depressed, anxious, or worried. But, even if you didn’t think you were born with a super green thumb, you can still be good at it still.

Once you’ve done some tilling, some planting, watering, fertilizing, nurturing, and even harvesting, you can feel so different.

You might look in the mirror and see someone new, someone who can grow things and nurture things, someone in tune with mother nature.

It is the magic of accomplishment, doing new things. Even if you had only a few successful plants, you did it!

Heals And Empowers

Often, in our world, we do not always feel justified, verified, we feel a little trapped, but gardening is our space, it is our place, and we are looking after it.

In fact during the forced internment of Japanese Americans in the American West, gardens sprung up all over the place. There were all types of gardens popping up that helped them to reclaim land and their identity.

Gardening allows us to be ourselves, in our space in a peaceful, creative manner, it opens doorways to us and gives us a sense of empowerment. ‘This is mine, I made this’. It also gives us a sense of agency, something we can do.

It is yours, and you made it that way, you left your mark on the land.

Promotes Exercise

As we already know, gardening is exercise in its own right, you actually do a lot more exercise than you might think when you are toiling away in the garden.

But not only this, you don’t have to look after yourself more in the garden as well. You are more careful about your safety gear, you listen to your body more, you keep an eye on your surroundings too.

You get in positions you never usually would, and find yourself doing squats just to monitor your plant growth, you do lunges to step over your planter, end up doing knee push-ups as you do some delicate nurturing.

You complete a whole work out while you are gardening, and you do not even realize it. You might even do more in the garden than you could even dream of doing at the gym.

Promotes Healthy Eating

Gardening doesn’t just have to be flowers, trees and bushes, you can grow your own fruits and vegetables. This can be SO fulfilling. What’s even better about this is that if you grow a productive vegetable garden, you will be more tempted to have a healthier diet.

You will want to taste and eat the fruits and veg that you put so much hard work into growing and caring for, taste the payoff of your hard work. You’ll shove the junk food aside and find yourself falling in love with fresh veg and fruits.

Gardening often helps us develop a good and lasting habit of getting enough fruit and veg in our diets. Not only does it help us to include these foods in our diets, but if you grow them with your kids, it’ll encourage your kids to try new foods too!

Helps Lower Blood Sugar

As we are not only eating healthier thanks to growing new foods in our gardens, fruits and veg that we may feel disinclined to pick up at the overpriced costs of a superstore, we are ingesting less unhealthy foods.

However, fresh fruit and vegetables from your garden are yours, and not only are they healthier due to their freshness, and how eating them instead of a big bag of chips or a box of chocolate is healthier, there is another upside.

You grew these yourself, so you know that you are eating fresh foods, not treated with any pesticides or preservatives, straight and fresh from plant to plate. There are no chemicals there, no poisons, just fresh foods you grew yourself.

Fruits and vegetables do contain natural sugars, but these natural sugars are good sugars, and they are better for us than the processed stuff we get in junk foods, which in turn lowers our blood sugar levels and makes us feel much better!

How To Start Gardening

How To Start Gardening

Have we tempted you?

Do you feel the itch to get green?

If you are feeling the itch to get a green thumb and start gardening, we cannot blame you. It has so many benefits, it is hard to resist.

So, let’s get you on the way to starting your own gardening venture that is right for you!

Decide What You Would Like To Grow

The first step is to come up with an idea of what you want to grow. Are you leaning more towards flowers, trees, and shrubs, or are you a vegetable person? Maybe even a mix of the two, splitting your garden into two sections?

Just remember, if you are going to grow a crop, make sure it is something you will eat. Pick ones you know your family will eat.

You also need to make sure your area has the right climate, and that you are planting at the right time. Most plants will require planting in spring, but some time planting in the fall, so make sure you know the lifecycle of a plant and when you should plant it.

It is also worth looking into what grows well in your local area and what doesn’t.

Choose The Location

How you will need to choose the location. Plants will all need different things. Some plants will need a lot of sun, some won’t be too bothered. Some trees can grow in partial shade, but most vegetables and fruits cannot, they need full sun.

As you choose what you want to grow, picture your garden or even draw up a plan, and look at what will go where depending on how much sun it needs.

Consider the sun in the sky above your garden as well, think about walls, shrubs, and fences and how they will impact the suns’ placement in your garden, and therefore the things you are growing.

You should also think about access for watering, picking and nurturing your plants.

Finally, do not forget to consider wildlife and children. Consider the wildlife, birds that may peck at plants, get a bird feeder to keep them satisfied, got pets? Keep your garden out of their range. And keep the kids’ play area away from the planting areas.

Plan Your Garden Beds

Plan Your Garden Beds

Once you have an idea of where things will go you need to decide on the garden bed type. Some people love raised beds, although they can make it easier to work in your garden they can dry out fast. In dry areas, sunken beds gather moisture.

Raised beds are often also ideal for avoiding pests.

Think about blocks/ beds in single rows, and you should remember that length should be 3-4 ft across, so you can reach the center easily, and 10ft long or less.

You should plant in a grid pattern, so it can be wise to plan this out too.

Test Your Soil

Many newbies to the gardening scene do not know this, but you should test your soil, soil will have a pH level. Find out if your soil is acidic, alkaline, or neutral in its pH levels. Also consider if there is any risk of contamination of your soil from outside sources.

Consider nutrients as well, plants need nitrogen to grow well, if the soil is not nutritious enough consider fertilizer on a more regular basis.

A majority of crops in your garden will need neutral pH 7 soil, although some may like slightly acidic, or slightly alkaline soil.

Always find out what kind of soil the plant needs first and then supply the correct soil to the correct plant, and do not mix the two, because cross-contamination can happen way too easily.

Build Your Soil

If you decide to start off with sod, you will probably need to cut it up and repurpose it, till it, or lay down some damp card or paper to smother it and build your bed on top.

It is best to prepare your sod in the fall, but you can also do this in spring.

A majority of plants enjoy well-draining, deep, and fertile soil that is rich in organic matter. Plant roots require good soil to produce flowers, vegetables and fruits.

The magic happens in the soil, so you want it  to be good stuff.

Once you have started your garden, you will start to appreciate this more than it will improve with each year, and a healthy and vibrant soil will mean plants that are the same also, and they will be naturally more resistant to pests and gain extra nutrition.

Choose The Right Seeds

Choose The Right Seeds

You should always make sure that you choose the right seeds before you start planting. It is wise to learn which plants will grow best when directly seeded in the garden and which plants are better as transplanted plants.

You should also look up a seeding calendar as well. I

If you are looking to buy plants at a nursery to start growing you should look for pots that are equal to plant size, big plants in a small pot will be root bound. Also look for plants which may be stressed, insect damage and yellowing leaves are not a great sign.

Even with plants regularly being watered, hot asphalt will be hard on them. Also inquire about chemical applications such as pesticides as this can be an issue for pollinators, which are crucial to fruits.

Begin Planting

Now it is time to get planting. Most packets and containers will come with instructions which make it easier for you.

Note to try and plant your seed around 3 times as deep as the diameter of the seed itself unless your packet tells you otherwise.

If you are transplanting, then you can usually go with the same depth, however, tomatoes require to be trenched in.

Always be vigilant and wait for the season’s frost to be done, especially with plants like tomatoes, cucumbers and other veg. With flowers this stands true as well, especially for flowers such as sunflowers.

Also note that young plants are more susceptible to damage than older ones, so some younglings need to be protected if planted outside.

If you can replicate outdoor weather inside your home, you could create a germination space, or even get germination pots for some plants until they are strong enough.



Gardening is so good for our health, being outside in itself is great for us, but gardening helps our minds as well, it gives us something outside of ourselves to focus on and think about.

Communities that focus on gardening often guild strong bonds, and it creates a sense of family. Successfully gardening gives us a sense of accomplishment and joy.

Overall, gardening is far from dull, it gives us everything we need, it is the ideal hobby for people of all ages. Anyone can do it, and so can you!

How To Grow Basil From Seed: A Step-By-Step Guide

Last update: April 22, 2022

Basil is one of the easiest herbs to grow indoors. In fact, it only takes around six weeks to start seeing flowers appear. This means you can enjoy fresh basil throughout the year.

Growing basil from seed is simple, but requires patience. It is a sweet and slightly spicy herb that is used in a variety of dishes and cuisines.

Follow the steps in this guide to get started growing your own basil.

What Is Basil?

Basil is an annual and tender herb that is generally grown for its aromatic leaves. These leaves can be added into cooked and fresh dishes.

Commonly, gardeners will grow sweet basil for its anise clove flavor. However, there are various types of  basil that you can grow at home, from cinnamon basil, lemon basil and Greek basil.

Each one has its own flavor, aroma, color, and leaf size. It can be grown to be used in cooking, or for you attracting insects and bees to your garden.

There are many benefits to growing basil in your garden. Or you can grow it just as easily in a pot at home.

Why Should You Grow Basil?

As we have established, basil tastes delicious, and it is a great addition to any garden or vegetable garden. It is a really versatile herb, which can be used in a variety of dishes.

Such as soup, pizza, pasta, salad, sandwiches, and pesto to just name a few.

Alongside that, basil is a great choice when it comes to companion planting. Due to its aromatic leaves, basil is known to be able to repress various pests from your garden.

Therefore, by planting various basil plants around your garden, you are not only preventing and controlling the pests from your garden naturally.

However, you can then harvest lots of beautiful smelling and tasty leaves once they are ready to be harvested.

Types Of Basil You Could Grow 

There are lots of different types of basil that you can choose to grow in your garden. All the different varieties have different flavors and will produce different aromas.

Therefore, we recommend planting a couple of different types of basil in your garden, so that you have plenty of choice to choose from when it comes to using the leaves in particular dishes or cuisines.

A lot of people will grow basil to create their own pesto at home, or to be used in a classic tomato sauce. For these dishes, you want to use a sweet basil or Genovese basil.

However, there are a lot of different basil cultivars that may look different from what you would expect basil to look like, but still tastes and smells amazingly.

A few of our favorite basil types that you should try growing in your garden includes the following:

Lemon Basil

Lemon Basil

This is a very common type of basil in southern Asian cooking. It is believed for its lemon flavor.

Purple Ruffle Basil 

Just as the name suggests, this basil plant grows ruffled purple leaves. Yet it still has the traditional basil flavor, but can add a lot of color when used in a salad.

Cinnamon Basil 

This type of basil is quite spicy. There are notes of licorice and cinnamon flavors when you eat this herb.

Thus, this type of basil is ideal when you want to add some depth and warmth to your dish.

Holy Basil

Also known as Tulsi, this is seen as a medicinal herb. This is because it has various medical benefits such as reducing stress and improving cognitive function.

Tulsi is often used in Ayurvedic medicine as an adaptogenic herb.

Siam Queen Thai Basil 

This is the ideal basil variety to be used for curries or other Thai dishes.

This basil plant produces beautiful flowers that can be used for ornamental purposes, but pollinators such as bees and butterflies love this plant as well.

Dark Purple Opal Basil  

With this type of basil, the plant will produce the darkest purple leaves. The color of these are so dark that in some lights they can even look black. This plant will look stunning in your garden.

Something to note when it comes to growing purple basil, is that if you grow it from seed, then there is a chance that a couple of the seedlings may look green.

They may also look striped or spotted instead of fully purple in color. This is nothing to worry about.

The lack of purple in some seedlings is because the genetic codes from the purple basil doesn’t always transfer fully into every seed.

Even the green seedlings will taste good, but they just won’t have the desired purple coloring.

Growing Basil From Seeds Or Plants?

The answer to this question depends on how quickly you want basil to be growing and ready to harvest in your garden.

It is quite easy to find Genovese or sweet basil seedlings at any garden center to be planted in your garden straight away.

However, we do recommend that you think about planting a range of different basil plants. This is because they are fantastic pollinators and companion plants.

To be able to grow such a broad range of basil plants, then we suggest purchasing seed packets and growing your basil plants from seeds.

Difficulty Of Growing Basil Plants From Seeds?

Some people may fear that growing basil plants from seeds is difficult. Yet really it isn’t difficult at all. Basil is known for being a fast-growing herb, which is extremely easy to germinate from seed.

If you are new to starting with seeds, then basil is one of the herbs that you should start out with.

Do You Need To Soak Your Basil Seeds Before Planting Them?

With some seeds, you need to soak them before you can think about planting them. It is up to you whether you want to soak your basil seeds.

However, from our experience, we  haven’t seen any improvements in the germination rate by soaking the seeds before planting them.

Therefore, you can soak them before you sow them. However, you don’t have to as it doesn’t make much of a difference.

Time Of Year To Plant Your Basil Plants

Time Of Year To Plant Your Basil Plants

Basil is known as an annual herb, but it doesn’t do well with cold temperatures. This herb really struggles with the cold and doesn’t like frosts.

Hence, you should only plant your basil plants outside after the last frost has passed in your garden.

We would suggest that you should wait around 7 to 10 days after your last frost before transplanting your seedlings into your garden.

We advise this, because then you can be assured that the cold weather has passed and won’t affect your basil plants.

How To Plant Basil Seeds Instructions

To plant basil from seeds is really easy, and you don’t need to be an expert gardener or use specialist tools either.

Step 1

Around 6 to 8 weeks before the last frost in your area, you need to prepare the starting trays or pots for your seeds. They should be filled with soil or some kind of sterile seed starting medium.

Step 2

Per every pot or cell in your seed starting seed, sow around 2 to 3 basil seeds. You should plant them around 1/4 of an inch deep into the soil and cover them over with soil.

Step 3

Try to keep the pots or trays warm between 75 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Also keep them moist until germination begins.

Germination will begin after 5 to 7 days after sowing, as long as the ideal conditions have been met.

To keep the warmth, try covering the pots or tray with  a humidity dome or plastic trap. You can then remove this cover once the seeds have germinated.

Step 4

Once each seedling has at least one set of true leaves, then you need to thin the seedlings out. There should be only one seedling per cell in a seed starting tray.

Step 5

After the seedlings have 6 sets of true leaves, you need to pinch the top set of true leaves off. By doing this, you are encouraging the plant to grow stronger and produce a much bushier plant.

Step 6

As the basil plants begin to grow bigger, you can pot them into larger containers. It is important to bury the stems deep into the soil to create a really strong plant.

Growing Basil Plants From Cuttings

You don’t have to grow basil from seeds, you can grow them from cuttings as well.

All you need to do is cut off a stem that is near a leaf node. This is the area where a leaf connects to the main stem of the plant.

In this area, the basil plant has the highest concentration of its rooting hormone. Then, with this cutting, place it in a jug or glass of water.

Then you will need to change the water every other day. After a week, you will start to see roots beginning to produce along the stem of the cutting.

Then, once the roots are robust enough, you can plant this new seeding in a pot or put it straight into your garden.

By growing from a cutting, it is a much quicker process, but you need that first basil plant to begin with to take the cutting from.

This growing method is known as propagation, and is a great way to get the most out of your basil plant. You can easily turn one basil plant into 5 or more plants just by using this method.

Areas To Plant Basil Seeds

When it comes to planting your basil seeds, you need to be aware that basil likes to grow in direct, full sunlight. It also requires well-draining but rich soil as well.

If you want to, you can sow your basil seeds straight into your garden. However, by doing it this way, it will take around 6 to 8 weeks before the plants are ready to be harvested.

It is a good idea to sow basil seeds, in any areas of your garden where there is a gap.

This way once the plants have grown, the basil plant will encourage pollinators to come to your garden, but they also reduce pests as well that will keep your garden protected and safe.

Basil, just like citronella and lemon balm, are great herbs that will naturally repel mosquitos from your garden or yard.

By just gently knocking or brushing up against the basil plant can release the natural oils in the plant into the air and atmosphere. This then keeps pests, including mosquitoes, away.

Time Frame For Growing Basil Plants From Seeds

On average, seedlings will be ready to be planted in the ground within 6 to 8 weeks after sowing.

After they have been planted into the ground, then you won’t have to wait long until the basil plants are ready for their first harvest.

Once your basil plant is in the ground, it will constantly continue to grow and produce leaves for you to harvest.

Therefore, you will continuously harvest your basil plants throughout the year. As long as you remember to give them plenty of water and sunlight.

Typically, your basil plants will continue to produce basil leaves until you experience the first frost of the year. Hence, you have all year to enjoy your own grown basil.

What Can You Plant Alongside Basil

Growing basil in your garden has many benefits due to its pollination, attracting characteristics. Therefore, planting basil plants all around your garden is preferable.

In garden folklore, it is said that when basil and tomato plants are grown together, it improves the flavor of both plants. This is also said to apply to pepper plants as well.

There hasn’t been much research into this claim, but there is no harm in growing these plants together.

This is because basil will happily grow in most areas, and tomato and basil are two flavors and plants that go really well together.

Caring For Your Basil Plants

Caring For Your Basil Plants

Basil is quite an easy plant to care for and look after. The main thing to remember about basil plants is, like any herb, they want to be harvested.

Therefore, the more you harvest the leaves of the plant, then the better and healthier your plant will become.

It will promote the basil plant to produce more leaves and overall the plant will become a lot bushier due to all the new and healthy leaves growing.

In the summer, you should be looking to harvest your basil plant every couple of days. A good tip to get a really bushy basil plant is in summer, to cut the stems every 1 to 2 weeks.

Cut off the top section of the main stem and harvest those leaves. This encourages the plant to grow stronger and much bushier.

Alongside this, when it comes to feeding your basil plant, they don’t require hardly any fertilizer, as long as your soil is rich.

If you notice that your basil plants have a pale green color, then you may want to feed them some fast-acting nutrient fertilizer. However, it isn’t very organized for a home garden.

Also, basil plants like a decent layer of mulch to grow on. This layer of mulch will retain the moisture of the soil and the temperature.

While also, it helps to prevent any weeds from growing in and around the basil plants.

Harvesting Basil

It is really easy to harvest basil. All you need to do is cut off some leaves or stems.

However, don’t wait to harvest your basil plants, the earlier you start the better. As this encourages more leaves to be grown and produces a much healthier plant.

If you do have an excess of basil, then freeze them with olive oil in ice cube trays.

Common Issues And Solutions With Basil

Overall, basil is an easy plant to care for. However, below are a few common issues you could face with these plants and the solutions you need to do.


The most common pest that you are to deal with on your basil plant is aphids. They like the smell of the plants.

Thus, to get rid of them rinse, handpick them off the plants. You could also use neem oil or an insecticidal soap.

Snails And Slugs 

Basil won’t be the first plant these creatures will choose. However, they are known to eat their leaves if that is all that is around.

Like with all plants, there are various ways to prevent snails and slugs eating your basil plants.

Japanese Beetles 

Again, basil is their favorite plant to eat, but they are known to eat their tender leaves.

To get rid of these creatures, you wash them away using a hose or hand pick them off the plant. You can even use neem oil or a pyrethrin-based insecticide.

Growing Bushy Basil Plant Tips

  • Basil plants like full, direct sunlight to be able to thrive and grow really strong.
  • You need to give your plants plenty of time to grow. Start the seeds inside to give them a good chance to germinate. It usually takes 6 to 8 weeks for the basil to grow.
  • Basil doesn’t like cold temperatures or weather, so you need to keep them warm.
  • When planting basil outside, you need to wait at least 7 to 10 days after your last frost.
  • Harvest your basil plants as much as you can. This will encourage more leaves to be produced, which will then produce a bushier and heather plant.
  • Grow more than one plant and variety of basil. It is easy to grow basil from cuttings, as you have seen above. Also, it will provide your garden with lots of benefits as a companion and pollinator plant.

Final Thoughts

In this article, we have gone step by step through the entire process of growing basil plants from seeds and cuttings.

Basil is a beloved herb that is really easy to grow and should be an addition in every garden.

We hope you have enjoyed this article, and it has given you some insights into how to grow basil from seeds. This article has shown you have to grow basil, so that you can enjoy it all year.